5 Pages

health sciences
Course Code
Hall- Fanshawe College

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Chapter 7 Qualitative research: • A systematic, interactive and subjective research method used to describe and give meaning to human experiences • The researcher goes wherever the participants are in • Data gathered comes from the text-meaning narrative words written from interviews that were recorded then transcribed • Qualitative researchers believe there are multiple realities Does the methodology fit with the research question? • Need to articulate a valid reason for conducting the study Literature Review: • May need to look for similar research if the study has never been done before • Be able to articulate why the problem is significant Study Design: • Receiving ethical approval • What qualitative method they choose Sample and Setting: • Purposive sample- a group consisting of particular people who can elucidate the phenomenon they want to study • The recruitment material must be very specific: o Inclusion- criteria that people must satisfy to participate in the study o Exclusion- criteria used to exclude people from participating in the study • Data saturation- no new ideas emerge Bracketing: • Personal biases about phenomenon of interest are identified in order to clarify how personal experiences and beliefs may influence what is heard and reported • Important in descriptive phenomenology and ethnography Recruitment and data collection setting: • Usually collected in naturalistic setting • I.e.) participants home Data Collection: • Interview individual • Focus group • Was informed consent obtained? (found in data collection section of article) • When did the researchers decide the sample was sufficient? (found in data collection section of article) • What kind of question did the researcher ask? (found in data collection section of article) • Use auto-tapes to ensure they capture the participants exact words Data Analysis: • Goal is to find commonalities and differences in the interview Triangulation: • A strategy for ensuring data accuracy • More than one data source presents the same findings • The expansion of research strategies in a single study or multiple studies to enhance diversity, enrich understanding and accomplish specific goals Inductive: • Generalizing from specific data • Purpose of study is to describe, discover or explore • Qualitative Deductive: • Purpose of research is to confirm a theory or hypothesis • The underpinning of the research • Quantitative Chapter 8 Phenomenology: • Science whose purpose is to describe particular phenomena or the appearance of things as lived experiences • Used to answer questions of personal meaning o Descriptive phenomenology: Rich detailed descriptions of the lived world and is based on Husserl’s philosophy o Heidegger phenomenology: Expands description to understanding achieved through searching for the relationships and meanings of phenomena o Hermeneutic philosophy: Interpretation of phenomena • Human experience • Based on critique of a positivist • “life world” lived experie
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