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Midterm

BIOL 261 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Peptic Ulcer, Esophageal Hiatus, Inflammatory Bowel Disease


Department
BIOL
Course Code
BIOL 261
Professor
Catherine Studholme
Study Guide
Midterm

Page:
of 8
BIOL2513 Study Guide (Exam 1)
Altera ons in Diges ve Dysfunc on
Clinical Manifestaons of GI Dysfuncon
Anorexia
Voming
o
o[DAT]

!!"#$
%&'
#(#
Conspaon)*
o'[DIMPD]
+#


*$
&
Diarrhea*
oLarge Volume
oSmall Volume
o+
Abdominal Pain
o',$,
oParietal Pain – -,
oVisceral Pain –",.
#
oReferred Pain –-,.
#
//,+##
GI Bleeding
oHematemesis: ##,"0
oMelena:,0#
oHematochezia:#
oOccult Blood: 
%1##02+
21
Dysfuncons of the Esophagus
Degluon
o3#
o45
Dysphagia)
o'[MONS]
6S
4O#
M
N&
oAchalasia: 
#,
(3

Hiatal Hernia

oSliding Hiatal Hernia – 
oParaesophageal Hiatal Hernia – #

o%,#147,,,
Gastroesophageal Re4ux Disease (GERD) 
o'heartburn  upper abdominal pain8
o#
Gastroesophageal Re4ux (GER)
o',,9,,
,
Disorders of the Stomach
Gastris$
oAcute Gastris[DCB]
Drugs//,:% 
Chemicals
Bacterial toxins
o4[BEV]
%# 
4!
2;
oTransient In4ammaon:
oChronic Gastrisgastric bleeding,
anorexia, nausea, pain
Type A (fundal):.(

Type B (antral):.#H. pylori

Pepc Ulcer Disease #
o'"
6


o4(#
oSuper8cial Ulceraons (erosions): #<

oTrue Ulcers:(,#
PUD (Gastric) 
o'[CHND]
;/
:% 
'1

o&
'3#
;8brosis=0>,
4
o?#causing anorexia, voming,
weight loss
PUD (Duodenal)
o&
o'[HNCHS]
H. Pylori
:% 
;##

'",
o&
+3
Less(,,,
PUD (Stress Ulcer) //,#,,
,,@,/
o'#$ischemiahypersecreon of acid
o&#
o'
Bleeding##

Perforaon(,
@
'ABC+? 
Dysfuncons of the Intesnes
Duodenum: #-
Jejenum and Ileum: ##
Irritable Bowel Disease (IBS) 1-#
##
o&