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GEOGRAPHY 1120 midterm notes

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GEOG 1120

GEOGRAPHY 1120: Midterm The Nature of Geography as a discipline -provides description and explanation of lands, places and peoples -determines life's opportunities -known as “destiny” -a place is the most powerful determinant of people's lives,chances,experiences and opportunities Regional identity and consciousness -formation def. -living, working and sharing together in a common space inevitably ( to be expected) Nature of Regional Geography -geographic study of a particular part of the world -imprint on landscapes are due to: -studies,people,interacting with their economical,physical and social environments -goal of regional geography -to find out what makeds a region 'tick' -will help people gain a fuller appreciation of the complexity, diversity & interconnectivity def. ( concept that all parts of a system interact and rely on one another) of the world Improved of regional geography -evolved over time -before: geographers focused on the physical aspects of a region that affect and haped the people and their institutions -now, geographers place more empahsis on the human side -because the physical environment is largely mediated ( defto bring about) -through culture,economy and technology Regionalism -divides countries into different parts -exert Regionalism of Canada -prone to regionalization, making it a country of regions -consists of several distinct regions -not a homogeneous ( defof the same kind) state -geographic size and physical geography create natural regional divisions -continentalism -physiographic regions have a north/south orientation that encourages internal divisions within Canada and on a North America scale, continentalism -ea. region experienced a different pattern of historic settlement & relationship with aboriginals -together provided a distinct cultural base -in turn, the more recent immigration of people from around the world has created a pluralistic society that contains a significant visible minority def, -Quebec provides a cornerstone ( an important quality/feature on which a particular thing depends or is based) in Canada‟s regional identity -British North America Act gave considerable powers to provinces -education, health and natural resources -which lends a political dimension to Canada‟s regionalism -uneven population distribution and economic activities concentrate „power‟ in Central Canada -federal government formulates policies and programs -designed to promote the national interest -but, the impact on Ottawa‟s effots flow mainly to the heavily populated areas (Central Canada) Geographic Regions -the 6 geographic regions -Atlantic Canada -smallest area -largest French percentage residing outside of Quebec (12.1%) -key economic activity: fisheries -Quebec -second largest population -key economic activity: hydroelectric power -Ontario -largest population -highest GDP -key economic activity: automobile manufacturing -Western Canada -key economic activity:agriculture -British Columbia -forest industry Territorial North -largest area -smallest population -lowest GDP (gross domestic product ( def,estimate of the total value of all materials, foodstuffs, goods and service produced by a country or province in a particular year) -largest percentage of aboriginal people (52.5%) -key economic activity: megaprojects -Details about the 6 regions -selected through critical physical and human characteristics -placed these regions within a conceptual framework based on the core/periphery ( def. the outer limit) model -effort has been made to balance these regions by the geographic size, economic importanceand population size -are associated with distinctive physical features, natural resources and economic activites -reflect the political structure of Canada; -facilitate (fmake an action or process easy or easier) the use of statistical data -are linked to regional identity -are associated with reoccurring regional complaints and disputes -reveal regional economic strengths and cultural presence Canada and its regions are not static entities -changes continuously (economically, socially and physiographically) -from 1871 to 2006 -some region‟s (Atlantic Canada, Quebec and Ontario) regional populations decreased -some region‟s (Western Canada and British Columbia) regional populations increased -Territorial North remained the same Events in Canada in the 1960s -The Auto Pact -signed in 1965 -profound ( defvery great or intense) impact on Ontario‟s economy def. -signalled Ottawa‟s intention to look more fa
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