What are the 3 theoretical approaches?
1. Structural Functional Approach – a framework for building theory that sees society as a
complex system whose parts work together to promote solidaritA yu ausdt es tability. (
Comte, Emile Durkheim, and Herbert Spencer)
2. Social Conflict Approach – a framework for building theory that sees society as an arena of
inequality that generates conflict and change. (Karl Marx)
3. Symbolic Interaction Approach – studies how people, in everyday interaction, construct
reality. (Max Weber)
What is macro orientation?
A broad focus on social structures that shape society as a whole.
What is a norm? Provide examples.
A norm is a culturally accepted behavior or belief. Norms are accepted by most under a specific
culture, but norms vary through cultures. Norms in some cultures are not accepted/frowned upon on in
List and describe three agents of socialization.
1. Family usually the first setting of socialization
a. Family has the greatest impact on attitudes and behaviour
b. A families social position, including race and social class, shapes a child’s
c. Ideas about gender are learned first in the family
2. School – give most children their first experience with bureaucracy and impersonal
a. Schools teach knowledge and skills needed for later in life
b. Schools expose children to greater social diversity
c. Schools reinforce ideas about gender
3. Media – have a huge impact on socialization in modern, highincome societies.
a. The average North American child spends as much time watching television and
videos as attending school and interacting with parents
b. Mass media often reinforce stereotypes about gender and race
c. Mass media expose people to a great deal of violence
What are some latent and manifest functions of education?
The manifest function of our school system is to provide young people with the information and
skills they need to perform jobs after graduation. Whereas the latent function of education would be the
limits of unemployment by keeping young people out of the labor market, where many of them would have
difficulty finding jobs.
What is the difference between ethnocentrism and cultural relativism?
1. Ethnocentrism – the practice of judging another culture by the standards of ones own culture.
2. Cultural Relativism – the practice of judging a culture by its own standards.
Ida B. Wells was a:
a) civil rights activist
b) structural functionalist
d) both a & c
e) both a & b ▯
What is the Sociological Perspective?
Reveals the power of society to shape individual lives:
- What we commonly think of as personal choice – whether or not to go to college,
how many children will we have, even the decision to end our own lives – is
affected by social forces.
- Peter Berger described the sociological perspective as “seeing the general in the
particular”. - C. Wright Mills called his point of view the “sociological imagination” claiming it
transforms personal troubles to public issues.
- The experience of being an outsider or of living through a social crisis can
encourage people to use the sociological perspective.
Compare and contrast the StructuralFunctionalist (SF) approach and the Conflict
Both the SF and Conflict approach look at how society functions, the
difference between them being, SF looks at society as a complex system, in which all
parts work together to produce a stable institution; whereas conflict looks at society
as an arena of inequality that produces an unstable institution with conflict and
What is the difference between a subculture and a counterculture? Give examples.
1. SubCulture – cultural patterns that set apart some segment of a society’s
2. Counterculture – cultural patterns that strongly oppose those widely
accepted within a society.
How does a StructuralFunctionalist (SF) view culture?
Views culture as a relatively stable system built on core values. All cultural
patterns play some part in the ongoing operation of society.
What is the global perspective?
The study of the larger world and our societies place in it:
Where we live shapes the lives we lead
Societies throughout the world are increasingly connected
Many social problems we face in Canada are more serious elsewhere
Thinking globally helps us learn more about ourselves
What is the WD4 rule relating to Aboriginal people in the media?
The WD4 rule relates to how Aboriginal people get on the news, there are
apparently only 4 ways in which that happens: drumming, dancing, dead, or drunk.