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POLI-1007EL Study Guide - Quiz Guide: Organ Donation

Political Science / Science politique
Course Code
Michael Johns
Study Guide

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1. Parliament is made up of house of commons, house of lords as well as the monarch.
The queen takes a backseat role but is still part of the system.
a. The House of Commons this is the democratically elected house of
parliament. It is voted every 5 years when there is an election
b. The House of Lords this is the second chamber of parliament. It is not as
important as the house of commons. It is not elected, but members are usually
appointed because they are experts in a particular subject. The house of Lords
can only disagree with something that the House of Commons wants to do 3
times, and then they have to let it through. Often when the house of Lords tells
the Government that they don’t like something, they will make a change
although it may not always be what the House of Lords intended on or wanted.
c. The queen - The Queen is he head of state. She opens Parliament every year
and asks the party that wins the election to become the government. the queen
also has to agree to all the laws that the rest of parliament votes for, but she
always does.
2. There are 650 MPs in the house of commons who are democratically elected every 5
years. There are 92,000 people voters per constituency (approximately). In
constituency: helps constituents with problems. They visit groups and individuals to
hear issues and concerns. They represent constituents to various bodies and they
carry out campaigns. ON THE OTHER HAND, In Westminster: they represent their
constituency, raise issues on behalf of constituents, passes new laws, scrutinises the
work of the government. MPs represent everyone in their constituency, regardless of
their political affiliations and whether they voted for them or not: it doesn’t matter
whether you support them, like them voted for them or voted at all, they are your
representative in Parliament. The number of seats is decided by the Boundary
Commission an independent body which recommends the boundaries regarding
Parliamentary constituencies.
3. There are approximately 800 members of the House of Lords. There is an unselected
second chamber of Parliament: ‘the revising house. No one selects who becomes a
Lord therefore they do not represent people. However, they like to call themselves the
revising house’ Lords get paid to turn up but they do not need to stay. There is a big
debate on whether they should be challenged so that they are replaced by with elected
members. They scrutinise legislation and hold government to account. No overall party
4. Members of House of Lords include: life peers, those who have a job for life and the
position cannot be taken away from them. Hereditary peers who are those who inherit
the right to become a Lord from their parents. And finally, bishops of the church of
England. People can become members of the house of lords as they inherit the tittle
and the right to sit in the Lords, there is an independent commission which
recommends people and another way is that they prime minister appoints them. The
nature of the lords is that they are respectable and conservative.
5. The role of the Queen: she has this constitutional role in opening and dissolving
Parliament. She approves bills before they become the law and appoints the Prime
Minister. The Queen is Head of state, she is officially politically neutral, she signs of
laws passed by parliament giving ‘royal assent’, she attends the annual state opening
of Parliament, Reads the Queen’s Speech outlining the aims of ‘her’ Government.
6. What does UK parliament do? parliament checks and challenges the work of the
Government (scrutiny)- both house of commons and house of lords will do this,
parliament also makes and changes the laws and legislations, Parliament debates
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