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POLI-1007EL Study Guide - Quiz Guide: Party System

Political Science / Science politique
Course Code
Michael Johns
Study Guide

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Political Parties
Party families 1
- Cleavage model much of politics in 20th century shaped by national industrial
revolutions, created party families that existed until around the 1920s.
- Centre parties: Peasant roots, not very present in the UK but is common in eastern
Europe esp. Poland.
- Liberals: centrist parties but more leaning to the left, often quite small parties,
traditionally operate as a king maker (important on deciding which party came to
- Social democratic and socialist parties: This is the centre left, emerging out of
industrial revolutions, linked to trade unions and labourers.
- Christian democratic and conservative parties: UK is unlike other European centre
right parties. Opposed to strong taxation. Christian democratic comes largely from
Catholicism in Europe, contrasts with conservative which see people as individuals
rather than society as a whole, they are both in favour of the market (social market
for Christians). Traditional conceptions of the family. Christians are happier with
transnational institutions because Christianity is part of a transnational cooperation.
Conservatism has stronger nationalism.
- Communist: Sits on the left, many communist parties have become less and less
opposed to democracy over time.
- Fascist: Sits on the far right, legacy of that stays within some European parties such
as Italy.
- There was a lot of instability in the 20th century regarding European parties due to
the strong opposition between communist and fascist. These are both anti-system
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