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PSYC-1105EL Study Guide - Final Guide: Rorschach Test, Reality Principle, Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale


Department
Psychology / Psychologie
Course Code
PSYC-1105EL
Professor
Dotta Blake
Study Guide
Final

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Psych Test 4 Review -- Dota
1) Consciousness: What is it?
Science – Epiphenomenal
Non-Scientific – Outside physical laws, consciousness is all that exists
Science yet to be understood – proto-consciousness
Consciousness (laws unknown but capable of measurement at some point)
2) Personality as a synaptic phenomenon
Personality is not one single behavior. Personality is a long grouping of behaviors over a
period of time. Personality is just the firing of the brain
Ben-Magendy Law: Most active area in your brain will control your personality
(dopamine will cause alertness, norepinephrine will cause concentration, and serotonin
will cause satisfaction)
3) Cortical (cerebral) potentials
Rapid fluctuations of voltage between parts of the cerebral cortex that are detectable
with an EEG.
4) 10-20 EEG Montage
Caps that have a set number of electrodes specifically placed to measure the electrical
activity of the cortex. Montage means the placement of the electrodes. The EEG can be
monitored with either a bipolar montage or a referential one. Bipolar means that you
have two electrodes per on channel, so you have a reference electrode for each
channel. The referential montage means that you have a common reference electrode
for all the channels.
5) Delta activity
.5 to 4Hz – Slow Wave Sleep
6) Theta activity
4 to 8Hz – Drowsiness, Creative, Meditative States
7) Alpha activity
8 to 12Hz – Quiet, Passive but Wakeful States
8) Beta activity
12 to 35Hz – Alter and Focused States
9) Gamma activity
+35Hz – Hyper-aroused States
10) Relationship between levels of arousal, consciousness, and frequency bands
Five Classic Frequency Bands (Delta, Theta, Alpha, Beta, Gamma)
11) Epilepsy as an exaggeration of normal electrical activity
One region of the brain has elevated electrical activity that when the voltage spreads,
causes seizures in the rest of the lobe or can cross into the rest of the brain. Seizures are
uncontrolled electrical activity.
12) Intelligence
Verbal Comprehension: abilities encompassing reading, writing, and communication
skills. The vocabulary sub-test focuses on the individual’s verbal fluency, word
knowledge and usage. The test items focus on picture identification and definitions of
words. The verbal comprehension area addresses social and practical judgment and
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common sense, such as answering the question: Why do we turn out the lights when
leaving the room? Similarities and differences focus on abstract reasoning, verbal
concepts, and categories; for instance: How are whales and tigers similar? The
information sub-test focuses on factual knowledge, long-term memory and recall. One
example is: What do your lungs do?
Working Memory: includes short term and working memory. It requires both the ability
to remember and process the information presented. The mathematical components
address not only the ability to perform basic mathematics, but the ability to apply the
information and calculate the problem. A sample problem might be: Giselle is 4 years
younger than Gab and 2 years older than Sue. If Sue is 10, how old is Giselle? Memory
sub-tests address attention to task, auditory recall, and sequencing abilities. Sample
items involve listening and remembering a list of numbers and letters in order
presented verbally.
Perceptual Reasoning: assesses the ability to manually manipulate 3D objects and solve
spatial problems. It is more of an abstract cognitive ability and addresses the skill of
being able to think through the problem and visualize with the mind. The skills of visual
perception, organization, and reasoning are essential to this area. The ability to analyze
and synthesize information impacts perceptual reasoning skills. Sample items include
duplicating an image given a set of blocks and completing the missing step in visual
patterns. Other abstract reasoning skills include identifying the common characteristic
of a set of items.
Processing Speed: assesses the speed at which an individual processes information and
the ability to react to the information. Processing speed sub-tests address nonverbal
learning through the visual modality. Visual discrimination, selective attention, and
visual-motor dexterity. Sample test items include searching for a specific symbol given a
page of symbols and identifying all animals among a group of pictures in a timed setting.
13) Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale
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