ANTH-110 Study Guide - Final Guide: Child Care, Primogeniture, Filial Piety

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9 Aug 2016
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Module 8 Review Questions
Gender, Household, Family, and Kinship
NOTE: These review questions are not graded but rather are designed to help you pull out the pertinent
information in each reading and to reinforce your learning.
Review Questions: Introduction to “Domestic worlds and public worlds”
Please read the assigned reading and complete the review questions.
In Brettell, C. B., & Sargent, C. F. (Eds.). (2013). Gender in cross-cultural perspective (6th ed.).
Toronto, ON: Pearson Education.
Brettell, C. B., & Sargent, C. F. (2013). Introduction to “Domestic worlds and public
worlds.” (pp. 77-80).
§
1.
a) Briefly explain the Domestic-Public model.
A paradigm relating recurrent aspects of psychology and cultural and social organization
to an opposition between the ‘domestic’ orientation of women and the extradomestic or
‘public’ ties, that, in most societies, are primarily available to men.
b) What is this model trying to explain?
Whether the domestic and public aspect in a society influences women’s statuses.
c) How does it explain women’s status?
The domestic-public model suggests that women’s status is highest in societies in which
the public and domestic spheres are only weakly differentiated. Women’s status is
lowest in those societies where there is a firm differentiation between domestic and
public spheres of activity and where women are isolated from one another and placed
under a single man’s authority, in the home. Their position is raised when they can
challenge those claims to authority.
d) Within this model, how may women change their status?
Women may enhance their status by creating a public world of their own or by entering
the men’s world.
e) What is the stated relationship between men’s roles and an egalitarian society?
Most egalitarian societies will be those in which men participate in the domestic domain.
2.
a) What three related issues reflect the controversy surrounding the Domestic-Public model?
The influential domestic-public model has been the focus of considerable controversy,
revolving around three related issues: whether male domination is universal, whether
male domination is explained by the domestic-public dichotomy, and whether—and
under what conditions—the concept of domestic-public has relevance.
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b) How does Nelson’s review of ethnographies addressing the role and position of women in
the Middle East (p. 79) contradict this model?
Nelson indicates that women play a crucial role as structural links between kinship
groups in societies in which family and kinship are fundamental institutions. The
conceptions of power as defined by the Western observer are particularly challenged by
literature on women written by women who offer multiple perspectives on the
experiences of Middle Eastern women, derived from the actors themselves.
c) What are some of the female activities outlined?
Women are in a position to influence men through ritual means, to channel information
to male kin, and to influence decision making about alliances; consequently, women do
participate in “public” activities, and women’s exclusive solidarity groups exercise
considerable social control and political influence.
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Review Questions: From “private” affairs to “public” scandals
Please read the assigned reading and complete the review questions.
In Brettell, C. B., & Sargent, C. F. (Eds.). (2013). Gender in cross-cultural perspective (6th ed.).
Toronto, ON: Pearson Education.
Parikh, S.. (2013). From “private” affairs to “public” scandals: The modern woman’s
challenge to husband’s infidelities in Uganda. (pp. 88-96).
1.
a) What presents the greatest risk for HIV infection for women around the world?
The very liaison that is promoted by public health, religious, and other campaigns as the
“safest” type of sex—marital sex—is precisely the on e that presents women with the
greatest risk for HIV infection.
2.
a) In terms of “the domestic / public divide”, briefly explain why the domestic / public model is
considered to be a compelling way to understand gendered patterns of HIV risk.
On the surface, the domestic/ public model provides a compelling analytic framework
for understanding married women’s increased risk for HIV infection. Men’s mobility in
the public sphere and access to resources provide them opportunities for extramarital
trysts, while wives’ responsibilities that tie them to the domestic sphere impede their
ability (and desire) to find out and to take action.
b) How does men’s work factor into extramarital sexuality?
Labour-related migration with spousal separation almost inevitably leads men into
sexual liaisons.
c) How do women’s domestic responsibilities play into a wife’s knowledge and influence over
their husbands’ nondomestic activities?
Women’s domestic responsibilities tie them to the home, which results in a smaller
social network, and more limited access to resources, restricting their ability to find out
about and to have an influence on their husbands’ nondomestic activities.
d) Briefly describe why women have a difficult time raising concerns about their husbands’
suspected infidelities and negotiating HIV preventative techniques.
A main reason is the fear of possible consequences such as withdrawal of a partner’s
support or affection, violence, counteraccusations or even that the ideal of monogamy
has failed.
3.
a) Briefly describe the differential impact on men and women of the British colonial
introduction of cash crops.
Bolstered gender inequality in marriage and that provided structural incentives for
men’s concurrent liaisons. It gave men greater control over economic resources
including land and cash crops, distancing women from new forms of capitalist wealth.
b) How did the introduction of cash crops relate to polygyny?
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