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POLS-101 Study Guide - Comprehensive Final Exam Guide - Weimar Republic, Canada, Province Of Canada


Department
Political Science
Course Code
POLS-101
Professor
C Mensah
Study Guide
Final

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POLS-101

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Introduction to Government and Politics
Political Science ---> International Relations ---> Non-state actors.
Canadian Politics ---> Studying institutions of Canada (parliament, judiciary) and
processes of how laws are made and are in Canada.
Political Philosophy ---> Political Theory (studying political philosophers like Plato,
Aristotle).
Comparative Politics ---> Studies the differences and the similarities between states
(women's equality in Spain VS the equality in another country).
Also studies the relationship between the rich and poor countries (global north and
global south).
Municipal Government ---> Local government and politics within cities.
"Politics" comes from the Greek word "Polis" (like policy, police, polity).
"Polis" means city-state. In the Greek days, this was the highest form of human
organization. It includes a defined territory (like Athens) with a constitution with rules
that govern the way people run the city-states.
Each "Polis" has:
Constitution.
Territory.
Citizens (of the Polis).
Politics is the making of collective decisions for the community/society/group
involving the exercise of power.
Politics is also about conflict resolution.
B Crick says; "Politics is the solution to the problem of order which involves conciliation
rather than violence or coercion".
Politics can also be seen as distribution/allocation of resources.
Harold Lasswell: Politics decides who gets what, when, and how.
David Easton: "Politics is the authoritative allocation of values".
Politics has 2 big processes:
Input which leads to output of decisions.
Input has demands and supports.
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When you vote, you express your support for a system.
Zero Sum: Win-lose.
Positive Sum: Win-win.
Low Politics: Issues that are not important (social welfare issues).
High Politics: Survival of the state (make or break important issues).
Conflictual Politics: Someone is making all the decisions at the top (dictators).
Consensual Politics: Votes and decisions made by the general people as they see fit
and generally agree.
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