Study Guides (390,000)
CA (150,000)
McGill (6,000)
ANTH (100)
Dario (2)
Study Guide

ANTH 201 Study Guide - Winter 2019, Comprehensive Midterm Notes - Zooarchaeology, Zhoukoudian, Zeresenay Alemseged


Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANTH 201
Professor
Dario
Study Guide
Midterm

This preview shows pages 1-3. to view the full 96 pages of the document.
ANTH 201

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

1
2018122 星期
ANTH201
Evolution by Natural Selection
1859 - English naturalist Charles Darwin publishes On the Origin of Species
outlining the theory of evolution by natural selection.
Further Discoveries
French antiquarian Boucher de Perthes records archaeological evidence of
the existence of prehistoric Europeans through stone tools from gravel
deposits along the Somme River, France.
1859 - British archaeologists John Evans and Joseph Prestwich
authenticate Boucher de Perthes’ discoveries with the publication of a
scientific paper to the Proceedings of the Royal Society.
Late 19th century Archaeology: Contrasting views of “change
Culture-Historical Archaeology
From the mid 19th century until the early 20th century, European archaeology
concentrated heavily on the description, classification, and defining of
successive “archaeological cultures”.
Under this approach, Culture = bounded, discrete grouping of people
recognizable from its material culture.
Approach influenced by perceptions of unique ethnicities and rising
nationalism in Europe
Under - emphasizes the concept of “change” within society
North American Archaeology
Unlike Europe, North American Archaeology developed a much closer link
with Cultural Anthropology
Contact with living native communities led to a search for explanations of
culture change rather than simply describe cultures.
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

2
2018122 星期
North American Ethnography and Archaeology
19th century anthropologists E. B. Tylor and L. H. Morgan formulated theories
of unilinear cultural evolution.
Three stages through which All cultures supposedly passed.
Savagery
Barbarism
Civilization
To Tylor and Morgan, culture evolved through the increasing application of
reason to the solution of problems.
Ethnography and Archaeology representations of “Picts”
The Ecological Approach
In the 1940’s American anthropologist Leslie White proposed a “multilinear”
theory of cultural evolution in which societies can evolve along multiple,
equally valid trajectories.
Looked for the rules or laws that governed culture change.
White also saw cultures as adaptive systems, promoting the study of Julian
Steward’s “cultural ecology”.
Women
Annette Laming Emperaire
Laid the foundations for the study of Palaeolithic cave art
Explored questions of gender, species depictions, orientation, symbols and
locations in artistic production
Dorothy Liddell
excavated several important British Neolithic sites in the early 20th century
while being barred from formal training
Was instrumental for inspiring and mentoring Mary Leakey
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

3
2018122 星期
The Culture Concept & Archaeology
The culture concept:
Anthropological Culture
Ethnographic Culture
Archaeological Culture
Anthropological Culture
…is patterned learned behaviour of the members of a society that is passed on
primarily through language.
…provides context of meaning and provides tools for divining meaning
Key characteristics of culture:
1. It is shared
2. It is taught and learned
3. It changes over time
4. It is not random
Three Dimensions or Aspects of Culture:
1. Material dimension
Physical residues of behaviour in a culture
Especially physical things that have recognized special meanings in a
culture
Material Culture refers to ALL objects produced or modified by a society,
i.e. artifacts, food remains, structures, etc.
Especially important are objects used for subsistence(making a living)
2. Normative dimension
Concerned with the rules society uses to evaluate behaviour and other
things
Two components:
Cultural values - Beliefs or feelings that are widely shared by members of
a society about what is important to the society’s identity or well-being
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version