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ANTH 202 Final: ANTH 202 - Final Exam Study Guide (TERMS + READINGS)

58 Pages

Course Code
ANTH 202
Eduardo Kohn

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1 ANTH 202 FINAL EXAM STUDY GUIDE UNIT ONE: Making the Strange Familiar and the Familiar Strange 1. The Riddle of the Sphinx Riddle of the Sphinx o We are humans and also animals o In Sophocles Oedipus the King Oedipus answers the riddle of the Sphinx: o What is the creature that walks on four legs in the morning, two legs at noon and three in the evening? Answer: MAN (4 legs = infancy, 2 legs = youth to adult, 3 legs= old age *the third leg is a cane and can symbolize technological advances o Stage One (all 4s): when our consciousness is preoccupied with survival we tend to adapt ourselves without question to the thinking of those around us, we believe what we are told to believe o Stage Two (2 legs): symbolizes duality and reflection, the intellect. Where concepts of justice and equality before the law come in. o Stage Three (3 legs): Symbolizes a shift in orientation toward the unknown territory of death. o This all symbolizes the evolution of Man 2. Strangeness and Depth Reading: Geertz and Gardner Geertz: The Balinese Cockfight o Geertz and his wife were not accepted by Balinese until they joined in on running from the police after cockfight. Found that cockfighting involved a deep psychological identification for men, almost related to inner self esteem status. Cocks are expressions of human status. Cockfights were not created to initiate fights or humiliation, simply a means of creating moral import for the individuals playing. Cockfights are a simulation of the social matrix. The field
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