Study Guides (390,000)
CA (150,000)
McGill (6,000)
CLAS (30)

Lecture Notes - Cumulative MT#2.docx


Department
Classics
Course Code
CLAS 203
Professor
Margaret Palczynski

This preview shows pages 1-3. to view the full 24 pages of the document.
CLAS203 Lecture Notes
CLAS203 Lecture 10 Notes
Zeus:
Zeus’ other names include: Juppiter, Jupiter, Jove
Upholder of the universe
*di-: ‘sky/shine’
Germanic: Tiu (Tuesday)
Indic: Dyaus Pitar Father Sky
‘Cloud gatherer’, ‘aegis-bearing’ (goat skin shield, used by Athena as breastplate)
Resides on Mt. Olympus, born in Mt. Dicte, born in other genealogies in Mt. Ida
Symbols: Thunderbolt, eagle, sceptre (staff, rod)
Sacred animal: bull
Ruler: wisdom, strength, justice (dike)
Zeus: (xenia): guest-host relationship
Shrines: Dodona, Olympia
Zeus’ immortal consorts:
Zeus + Hera (Olympian) Ares, Hephaestus, Eliethyia (asexual)
Zeus + Demeter (Olympian) Persephone
Zeus + Leto (Titan) Apollo, Artemis
Zeus + Themis (Titan) Moirae (3), Horae (3) (imposes order on universe)
Zeus + Dione (early hieros gamos?) Aphrodite
Zeus + Metis (Personification) Athena
Zeus + Mnemosyne (Personification) Muses (9)
Zeus + Eurynome (Oceanid) Graces (3)
Zeus + Maia (Nymph) Hermes
Zeus’ mortal consorts:
Zeus + Semele Dionysus (immortal)
Zeus + Io Epaphus
Zeus + Europa Minos, (Rhadamanthys, Sarpedon)
Zeus + Danae Perseus
Zeus + Leda Dioscuri (Castor, Polydeuces)
Zeus + Alcmena Heracles
Hera:
Hera’s other names: Juno
Name preHellenic
Retains power of parthenogenesis

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

‘Cow-eyed’
Early deity: Argos, Samos, Olympia
Argives (Greeks)
Marriage, family: hates adultery
Daughter Eileithyia: goddess of childbirth
Persecutes Zeus’ mistresses and their children
Loyal to Zeus (no affairs)
Never addressed as ‘mother’, or shown with children
Poseidon and Triton:
Poseidon’s other name: Neptune
God of the sea, earthquakes, horses
‘Earthshaker’
‘Posis’ ‘Lord’ + ‘de-‘? (‘wheat’?)
Had a trident
Amphitrite, Triton (conch)
o Shapechanger (Nereus, Proteus)
Sacred animal: horse, bull
Two navigational hazards Scylla (mistress of Poseidon, Amphitrite poisons her bathing
area, changes her into a monster) and Charybdis (known for her terrible appetite; Zeus
changes her into a whirlpool) (straits of Messina between Italy and Sicily)
Demeter: Arion (the talking-horse)
Contests: Argos (Hera); Athens (Athene)
Polyphemus (Cyclopes) and Galatea
CLAS203 Lecture 11 Notes
The Forge of Hephaestus:
Always seen depicted in art with tools, which demonstrates his trade
In many stories, Hephaestus made many magical/remarkable items such as the thread
to get out of a labyrinth
Hephaestus:
Other names include Volcanus, Vulcan
Non-Greek origin
Island of Lemnos
Two variants: son of Zeus and Hera/son of Hera
Serious: art, love
God of fire and forge (useful fire)

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Patron of metalworkers, smiths
Promoter of civilization and city life
Physical deformity, lack of beauty
Wife: Aphrodite (contrast)
Lusted after Athene (birth of Erichthonius)
Objects made by Hephaestus
o Pandora (clay)
o Manacles binding Prometheus
o Ball of unbreakable thread (Ariadne)
Thrown down from Olympus
Rescued by Thetis and the Nereids
Return to Olympus
Volcanus: destructive fire
Ares:
Can be identified by always wearing armour
Also known as Mars
Incarnation of blood lust: merciless, fearless
“The most hated of all gods”
Originates in Thrace
Few myths, worshipped little
No wife
Children by Aphrodite: Eros, Harmonia
Homer, Odyssey, bk. 8: Ares, Aphrodite and Hephaestus
Mars: Very important god to the Romans
CLAS203 Lecture 12 Notes
Hermes:
Other name is Mercury (to the Romans)
Often depicted in art by his pointed traveller hat, herald staff with intertwining snakes
and his winged boots
Herma: stone heap marker
Herald and messenger of the gods
Is constantly moving; in constant motion
Protector of:
o Travellers
o Those living in the wilderness (Arcadia)
o Shepherds and flocks
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version