Study Guides (248,184)
Canada (121,375)
Classics (24)
CLAS 206 (3)
Quiz

CLAS 206 QUIZ 1 STUDY GUIDE

5 Pages
261 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Classics
Course
CLAS 206
Professor
Martin Sirois
Semester
Winter

Description
CLAS 206 QUIZ 1 STUDY GUIDE 30 MINS MULTIPLE CHOICE AND SHORT ANSWER (MAX 2 SENTENCES) Rome (closer to American Views) • Political and military ideology • Corruption and moral decline • Spectatorship and games at amphitheaters • Imperialism (political or cultural) Greece • Super-heroism • Female tragedies • Difficult subjects (philosophy) or cultural taboos (homosexuality) Aristotle • Credited with writing the first text on dramatic theory- how to make tragic drama [Poetics] ◦ Believed to have written a text on comedy too [Poetics, vol. 2], but it is lost • Aristotle returns to Athens and founds his own school, Lyceum ▪ 2 types of lectures: ▪ advanced students (morning) ▪ open public lectures (evening) • Aristotle's Poetics ◦ First systematic critical theory in the world ◦ Categories of literature: defining genres ◦ Influence in criticism of arts, aesthetics, literature ◦ Formalist approach to literature ◦ Poetry= forms of IMITATION ◦ Three aspects in which poetic genres (oral or written) can be distinguished from each other: ▪ 1. The medium through which they present their imitation ▪ i.e. painters use colors and shapes ▪ Poetry imitates by means of what? (hois) ▪ Rhythm, Language (logos), and Harmony ▪ i.e. Music combines rhythm and harmony; dance uses only rhythmical movement ▪ 2. the object of imitation ▪ Poetry imitates what? (ha) ▪ All poetry is the representation of the actions of human beings ▪ Ex: Tragedy- nobler, better men (morally superior) ▪ Ex: Comedy- lower, lesser men (morally inferior) ▪ 3. the mode or manner of the imitation ▪ Poetry imitates how? (hôs) ▪ Narrative (course of events as a story told by a narrator) ▪ Drama (course of events as an action enacted by actors- Greek definition) Tragedy • "Tragedy is an imitation of an action that is serious, complete, and of a certain magnitude, with elements that should arouse pity and fear, so as to accomplish the catharsis (purgation) of such emotions" • Every tragedy must have six parts, which parts determine its quality-- namely, Plot, Characters, Thought (theme), Diction (artistic use of language), Song/Music, and Spectacle (opsis) • Plot ◦ Most important element ◦ "Representation of an Action" (Drama) aka something has to happen ◦ Must have a beginning, middle, and end structure ◦ Unity and probability ◦ Goal of Tragedy aka Catharsis "purifying or relieving of emotions" ◦ Catharsis accomplished through Pity and Fear ▪ Pity: aroused by undeserved misfortune ▪ Fear: aroused by the misfortune of a man like ourselves ◦ Plot Elements: the plot has 3 parts ▪ Reversal of Fortune (good to bad and vice versa) ▪ "The change of fortune from good to bad should come about as a result, not of vice, but some great error of frailty in character" ▪ Recognition ▪ Discovery, new knowledge ▪ Oedipus King recognized as one of the best scenes of recognition from good to bad ▪ Emotion • Character (personality) ◦ Characters should also be probable or necessary ◦ Hero ▪ Good (through his language and actions) ▪ Propriety (maintain social values) ▪ True to life (conformity): relatable (we should feel empathy) ▪ Consistency (some traits throughout) ◦ Hamartia (tragic flaw): much debated ▪ Hero mistakenly brings about his own downfall ▪ Not because he is sinful or morally weak, but because he doesn't know any better • Thought (or Theme) ◦ Not developed by Aristotle ◦ Probable 'theme' or ideas presented • Language (or Diction) ◦ Language must fit the personality ◦ Personality expressed/shown through their use of language (vocabulary, rhetoric) ◦ Reflects: social level, education, decorum, etc. ◦ In
More Less

Related notes for CLAS 206

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit