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COMS 200 Study Guide - Final Guide: Reductionism, Utopia, Virtual Reality

Communication Studies
Course Code
COMS 200
Christopher Gutierrez
Study Guide

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Love’s Labors – Kipnis
- We live in sexually interesting times, meaning a culture that manages to be
simultaneously hyper sexualized and to retain its Puritan underpinnings in
precisely equal proportions.
- Many of us manage to summon merciful self-explanations as required, or
have learned over the years to deploy the strategic exception, when it comes
to infidelity
- Contradictions at the epicenter of love in our time due to infidelity. Planning
a life and also planning escapes from it.
- Adultery traditionally requires a state-issued marriage license for at least
one of the parties involved. “Anywhere the commitment to monogamy
reigns, adultery provides its structural transgression.”
- Our focus will be on “social norms” of love rather than what we expect of it.
- These days any partner can play any gender role (masculine or feminine)
regardless of their sex or sexual orientation. Kipnis talks about gender norms
saying whoever wants more freedom is the guy, whoever has their
suspicions is the wife.
- Kipnis says that a good relationship would probably include “having and
wanting to have sex with your spouse or spouse-equivalent on something
more than a quarterly basis.” It would mean being monogamous and not
feeling that monogamy is the result of something you gave up, Faithfulness
reigns over surveillance and “impromptu search and seizure.”
- “A happy state of monogamy would be defined as a state you don’t have to
work at maintaining.”
During our relationships, we try to find ways to run away from them and we
fantasize about an alternative and another love affair.
Detournement: the need to escape, to change or hijack something to reach an
alternative position.
- Labor-intensive intimacy.
- Working on the relationship
- What’s the difference between work and “after work”? There’s no more
dichotomy between the two, you’re never not on the clock.
- Good relationships take work but trying is always too hard when it comes to
- The work ethic goes from our jobs into our relationships since we have to
“work” on our relationships. Monogamy becomes work.
A happy state of monogamy would be one where you don’t have to work on
maintaining your relationship.
There has been a blurring between work and play.
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The sense of labour we associate to love and the communication we have to put in is
therapeutic so working on our relationship = love.
Are we ever not working?
However, with all this, not believing in love is a tragedy. People are meant to fall in
love and love remains our essential goal. If we don’t fall in love, we’re failing in what
we’re meant to do in life.
If we don’t find love, it’s so abnormal.
Love is positioned in a powerful labour/capitalism relationship
Capitalist realism vs. love realism
Fisher: capitalist realism is something we live, we cannot see outside of it.
Kipnis says that love extends beyond heterosexual realms towards homosexual
communities as well.
Why does love need to be maintained?
Kipnis talks about how we’re integrating work habits into our relationships, such as
with performance reviews.
Sociologists suggest people put in more work in the offices to avoid going home.
- If love is the latest form of alienated labor, would seeing Marx’s Capital as a
marriage manual be the appropriate response?
- Marx writes a lot about feelings, like the feeling of overwork.
The more work anyone has to do, the less gratification it yields. This is true even
when working on your relationships.
Why work if you can play, or play around?
Saying no to love is tragedy to most people due to social conventions about love and
being in a relationship.
“Any social program based on something as bleak as working for love will also
require an efficient enforcement wing to ply its dismal message.” = therapy
You need to adjust to the conditions that exist. There’s no reason to rebel or change
them. By signing up for therapy you’re selling self-knowledge.
The more you resist, the more you pay. But you’ll be feeling better about yourself.
Consider the social institutions that are dependent on love’s shaky foundations,
which means that large chunks of contemporary social existence are built on love.
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The Real-Time City – Kitchin
Smart city: describing cities that are:
- Increasingly composed of and monitored by pervasive and ubiquitous
- Whose economy and governance is being driven by innovation, creativity and
entrepreneurship, enacted by smart people.
Smart cities are being created with digital devices that produce “big data.”
Data that enables real-time analysis of city life
It provides raw material for envisioning more efficient, sustainable, transparent, and
open cities.
Implications of big data and smart urbanism:
- Politics of big urban data
- Technocratic governance and city development
- Corporatization of city governance and technological lock-ins
- Hackable cities
- Panoptic city
ICTs: information and communication technologies
- ICTs have been exerting more influence on the nature, structure, and
enactment of urban infrastructure, management, economic activity etc.
- Wired cities: cities that have embraced ICT as a development strategy, being
pioneers in embedding digital infrastructure and systems into their urban
fabric and using them for entrepreneurial and regulatory effects.
- A focus on ICT in the urban sphere has been tied to smart cities.
Smart cities:
- Smart cities show an increasing extent to which urban places are composed
of “everyware”
- Everyware: universal and omnipresent computing and digitally instrumented
devices built into the very fabric of urban environments
- Cities being composed of pervasive computing built into the urban
environment such as wireless networks
- This computing is used to monitor and regulate city flows and processes. It is
in real-time and it is used by many urban citizens to engage with and
navigate the city,
- Smart city: development of a knowledge economy within a city-region.
- Smart city can be one whose economy and governance is being driven by
innovation, creativity, and entrepreneurship, enacted by smart people. ICT is
central as a platform for mobilizing and realizing ideas and innovations
- ICT along with human and social capital within the larger economy
environment that make cities grow and make them smart.
** The first vision of a smart city focuses on ICT and its use in managing and
regulating the city (technologically), the second vision focuses on human capital,
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