The Beginnings of Education in Québec
1. The French Regime (1663-1760)
2. The Conquest (1760)
3. The Québec Act (1774)
4. Education in the British Regime (1763)
5. The Durham Report (1839)
1.The French Regime (1608-1760)
a) The French arrive in Québec (after Christopher Columbus set out to find
the “New World” in 1492)
i. Due to economic and religious reasons
ii. In search of Asia Indians, ‘Lachine’
b) Education in New France
(The inaccessibility of the education system resulted in an illiterate
population and no printing press in New France- “learning can go no
further than a written word takes it.”)
Primary: only for the high class
College: limited purposes
i. Pre-French regime- education was handled by Elders, not systematic
ii. education was low in priorities after settlement
iii. education was private and for boys only
iv. purpose was to create order, missionary purposes
v. regime was private and religious
1.Served for young minds to serve as clerical and religious purpose
create priests, nuns and nurses (there were very few
professions other than these jobs, such as medicine and legal
- The kingdoms that sent out explorers were very competitive.
- Most of the explorers were from places that were developing at a faster
rate. They therefore wanted more land.
- Jacques Cartier was the explorer for France- 3 trips: 1534, 1535, 1539.
- His expedition was due to:
1) The renaissance, which was a time of technological growth and the
beginning of the world as we know it today (Da Vinci).
2) The passage to the East was conquered by the Turks and the other routes
were long and dangerous so they needed a better route.
- He went to find:
1) a route to the Far East (China & India)
2) spices (used to preserve food) and silk (better material than wool)