ECON 326 Study Guide - Winter 2019, Comprehensive Final Exam Notes - Thomas Naylor, Coal, Solar Energy

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Title of Lecture: The Energetics of War
WT-28/03/2017
Title: ECON 326
Lecturer: Thomas Naylor
War in energetic terms:
a. Concentrate power
b. Direct energy
c. Accelerate entropy
Evolution of war
Prologue: The Hogs of war
1. Primitive warfare
2. The age of classical warfare
3. The charcoal-iron interlude
4. The black powder era
5. The nitric acid era
6. Petrochemical warfare
7. Guerilla warfare
8. ‘Civilized’ war redux
9. War in unsafe spaces
10. Nuclear Epoch-olypse?
Epitaph: From nuclear winter to ultra-violet spring
Defense Budgets (graph comes from HIS Jane’s Aerospace, Defense and Security)
United States = biggest defense budgets by far
War and Supporting Science
- Gunpowder Empires (alchemists) = gunpowder first made as an elixir of life by Chinese
alchemists
- US Civil War (civil engineers) = first time that civil engineers became a central part of the war
process
- World War I (era of the organic chemists)
- World War II (aeronautical engineers)
- Cold War (nuclear physicists)
- Post Modern? (electronics engineers, geneticists, neuroscientists, assorted psychopaths…)
Notorious Corporate Polluters
1. The Pentagon
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2. Oil and Petrochemical
3. Agribusiness
4. Electric Generating
5. Pharmaceutical
6. Pulp and Paper
7. Metal Mining
Why the Pentagon?
- Buys 30% US industrial output
- 5x pollution of 5 biggest chemical companies = mining strategic materials, 144mln bbls fossil
duels, 15-25% CFCs, unlimited GHG output, toxic waste 1 ton per minute, 1000 foreign
bases, ‘proving grounds’, nuke test sites
- The Pentagon City Mall Christmas Tree
Cardinal Sins of the Military-Industrial complex
- Preparing for war
- Waging for war
Environmental impact of war prep: direct
1. Weapons testing
2. Military bases
3. Dumpsites = US alone has 11,000 radioactive sites
Preparation for War: Indirect Environmental Impact
1. Diversion of financial resources
2. Pre-emption of economic assets
3. Sponsoring key industrial towns
How war changes over time?
1. ‘Primitive’ Warfare Era
- War in prehistory = sort of a game
- No slavery (really), no repressive state, no ec exploitation
- But: lots of fortifications, digs reveal weapons specifically for war, evidence of ‘professional’’
soldiers
- Main cause?
- Hypotheses of causes: food shortages -> steal food, defend sources etc.
- Weapons in prehistory: hunt and war same tools, natural matter, tools minimal, and energy.
Converter = human muscle power = metabolic to mechanical
- Shock weapons (rock = more efficient but more dangerous) vs fire weapons (bow and arrow)
- Much lower percentage of male deaths caused by warfare today = prehistoric people were
not at all peaceful
- Lots of war in past but had very little ecological impact
2. Classical Warfare
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