OVERVIEW_NOTES.doc

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Published on 15 Apr 2013
School
McGill University
Department
Curriculum and Instruction
Course
EDEC 247
Policy Issues in Québec Education: OVERVIEW
The Fundamentals
-Policy: the rules that structure a system, and the actions that enforce them
-issue: a topic of debate, a controversy, a reason for reflection and
discussion
The Facts: (MEQ, 2003)
-about 200,000 students
-65% in the youth sector
-35% in higher education
-youth sector- Elementary, High School, Adult Education
-higher education- College, University, Continuing Education
Five Professional Competencies
-Subject
-Pedagogy
-Content/ Pedagogy
-Curriculum based knowledge (where subject is in program)
-Professional knowledge (rules, system, conduct)
The Priorities: MEQ, 2001
-improve the educational achievement of students by encouraging them to
learn as much as they can and to stay in school until they graduate (issue
of dropouts)
-ensure that academic programs reflect the reality of today's world and the
changing labour market (shift of curriculum from academics to training)
-provide individuals with qualifications in keeping with their aptitudes, with a
view to helping them enter and stay in the labour force
The Issues
-continuity and change
-classical and current
ohistorical roots
oinherent dualisms (French/ English, Private/ Public, Religious/
Secular)
odiversity
oreform
ogovernance
oschools
ostudents
oteachers
oparents
oeducational priorities
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The Course
Historical Backdrop
The Quiet Revolution
School Board Reform
Governance
Curriculum
Organization of Schools
Teaching Profession
Language Legislation
Religion
Culture
Private Schools
Parental Participation
Student Rights
Special Needs
Technology
Current Trends
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The Beginnings of Education in Québec
Overview
1. The French Regime (1663-1760)
2. The Conquest (1760)
3. The Québec Act (1774)
4. Education in the British Regime (1763)
5. The Durham Report (1839)
1.The French Regime (1608-1760)
a) The French arrive in Québec (after Christopher Columbus set out to find
the “New World” in 1492)
i. Due to economic and religious reasons
ii. In search of Asia Indians, ‘Lachine’
b) Education in New France
(The inaccessibility of the education system resulted in an illiterate
population and no printing press in New France- “learning can go no
further than a written word takes it.”)
Primary: only for the high class
Secondary: non-existent
College: limited purposes
i. Pre-French regime- education was handled by Elders, not systematic
ii. education was low in priorities after settlement
iii. education was private and for boys only
iv. purpose was to create order, missionary purposes
v. regime was private and religious
1. Served for young minds to serve as clerical and religious purpose
create priests, nuns and nurses (there were very few
professions other than these jobs, such as medicine and legal
services).
-The kingdoms that sent out explorers were very competitive.
-Most of the explorers were from places that were developing at a faster
rate. They therefore wanted more land.
-Jacques Cartier was the explorer for France- 3 trips: 1534, 1535, 1539.
-His expedition was due to:
1) The renaissance, which was a time of technological growth and the
beginning of the world as we know it today (Da Vinci).
2) The passage to the East was conquered by the Turks and the other routes
were long and dangerous so they needed a better route.
-He went to find:
1) a route to the Far East (China & India)
2) spices (used to preserve food) and silk (better material than wool)
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Document Summary

Policy: the rules that structure a system, and the actions that enforce them issue: a topic of debate, a controversy, a reason for reflection and discussion. 35% in higher education youth sector- elementary, high school, adult education higher education- college, university, continuing education. Curriculum based knowledge (where subject is in program) The issues continuity and change classical and current: historical roots, inherent dualisms (french/ english, private/ public, religious/ Secular: diversity, reform, governance, schools, students, teachers, parents, educational priorities. Overview: the french regime (1663-1760, the conquest (1760, the qu bec act (1774, education in the british regime (1763, the durham report (1839) 1. the french regime (1608-1760: the french arrive in qu bec (after christopher columbus set out to find the new world in 1492, due to economic and religious reasons. Create priests, nuns and nurses (there were very few professions other than these jobs, such as medicine and legal services). The kingdoms that sent out explorers were very competitive.

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