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envr 201 First Midterm 2009.doc

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ENVR 201
Madhav Badami

VERSION 1 1 ENVR 201-001 Name: _____________________________ Society and Environment Fall 2009 Student # ___________________________ Mid-Term Exam # 1 Please answer all multiple choice questions ON THE COMPUTER FORM PROVIDED and answer the short essay questions ON THIS EXAM PAPER. The blank sides of the last two sheets are provided for the purpose of answering the short essay questions. Please hand in both the computer form and the examination paper at the end of the examination period. MAKE SURE TO FILL IN YOUR NAME AND STUDENT # ON EACH SHEET OF THIS EXAM AND THE COMPUTER FORM. ALSO, FILL IN THE EXAM VERSION # ON THE COMPUTER FORM. COMPUTER FORMS WITHOUT YOUR NAME, STUDENT # OR EXAM VERSION # WILL NOT BE GRADED. Grading Scheme Each of the twelve multiple choice questions is worth 3.5 points. Each of the two short essay questions you are required to answer is worth 29 points. *************** Part One: Multiple Choice Select the best response to each of the following questions, on the computer form provided. 1) Which of the following statements about population is TRUE? a)Populations stop growing when the replacement rate has been reached. b) The death rate in urban areas is typically lower than in rural areas. c) Reducing infant mortality rates would help slow down population growth. d) b) and c) e) The male-to-female ratio in the Canadian population is greater than 1.0, because women outlive men on average. 2) A country’s population will likely double in 25 years, based on its current population growth rate. Its current annual population growth rate is: a) 6 % b) 5 % c) 4 % d) 0.4 % e) None of the above. 3) A population pyramid with a narrow base most likely suggests that the population: a) is young and has considerable potential for future growth. b) is mature and will likely grow slowly. c) is young but stable. d) is mature, and growing rapidly. e) is putting undue pressure on the local environment. VERSION 1 2 ENVR 201-001 Name: _____________________________ Society and Environment Fall 2009 Student # ___________________________ 4) If the price of a non-renewable resource rises: a) potential reserves will decrease and estimated reserves will remain the same. b) potential reserves and proven reserves will decrease. c) proven reserves and estimated reserves will increase. d) estimated, proven and potential reserves will all decrease. e) proven reserves will increase. 5) Resource substitution tends to occur as: (BECAUSE THE CHOICES WERE NOT FRAMED AS CAREFULLY THEY MIGHT HAVE BEEN, FOR WHICH I APOLOGIZE, I HAVE DECIDED TO GIVE EVERY ONE 3.5 POINTS FOR THIS QUESTION) a) the price of a resource falls due to increased discoveries. b) a resource is depleted and prices rise due to increased scarcity. c) research and development delivers more sophisticated but expensive alternatives. d) None of the above. e) b) and c). 6) Thomas Malthus and Karl Marx held divergent views on the role of population in resource scarcity. Marx believed that: a) technological change will allow food production to expand more rapidly than population growth. b) migration and "charity" were the only humane and effective measures for population control. c) unequal distribution of resources, not population, was the real issue. d) a) and c). e) people are the ultimate resource and human inventiveness will solve the population problem. 7) Which of the following statements about the global fisheries is TRUE? a) Marine capture as a proportion of global fishery production is increasing. b) Per capita availability of fish is declining because of the growing role of aquaculture. c) Climate change has the potential to do greater damage to global fisheries than overfishing, in the long term. d) “Pulse fishing” is a viable option for conserving fish resources. e) a) and c). 8) Subsidies to the fisheries are politically difficult to eliminate because: a) eliminating subsidies will encourage inefficient fishers to continue operating. b) subsidy programmes can never contribute to the long-term health of the fisheries. c) nations are caught i
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