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HIST 208- Midterm Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 54 pages long!)Premium

54 pages85 viewsFall 2016

Department
History
Course Code
HIST 208
Professor
Griet Vankeerberghen
Study Guide
Midterm

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McGill
HIST 208
Midterm EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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16/9/7
Chapter1Origins: History, Myth, and Archaeology
The Origins of Civilization in East Asia (P11-26)
Fu Xi and Nüwa
Primordial couple, one of many Chinese origin myths
Scroll dates to 8th c. CE,
Found in what is now Xinjiang (Astana cemetery in Turfan)
Chronicles of Japan (Nihongi), 8th c. CE
“Izanagi and Izanami stood on the floating bridge of Heaven and held counsel
together, saying, “Is there not a country beneath?” Thereupon they thrust
down the jewel-spear of Heaven and, groping about therewith, found the
ocean. The brine which dripped from the point of the spear coagulated and
became an island which received the name of Ono-goro-jima.”
Tangun
…He gave Hwanung three heavenly seals and dispatched him to rule over the
people. Hwanung descended with 3000 followers to a spot under a tree by the
Holy Altar atop Mount T’aebaek, … leading the Earl of Wind, the Master of Rain,
and the Master of Clouds…
The king gave [a bear and a tiger] a bundle of sacred mugworts and twenty
cloves of garlic and said, “If you eat these shun the sunlight for 100 days, you will
assume human form.” Both animals ate the spices and avoided the sun. After 21
days the bear became a woman, but the tiger, unable to observe the taboo,
remained a tiger.
[The king and the bear] begot a son called Tangun…
!1
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16/9/7
History defined through writing
China: ca. 1250 BCE
Korea (Koguryŏ): 414 CE
China’s Prehistory
Chronology
Regional Cultures (ca. 8,000-ca. 3,000 BCE)
Mega-civilizations (ca. 3,000 BCE)
Regional States (ca. 2,000 BCE)
-Importance of the Central Plain
Pre-history in East Asia: Rough Comparative
Table
Regional cultures
North: millet
South: rice
Megacivilizations
China
Korea
Japan
Pottery
10,000 BCE (?)
10,000 BCE (?)
11,000 BCE
Agriculture
8,000 BCE
2,000 BCE
300 BCE
Bronze
2,000 BCE
700 BCE
300 BCE
!2
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