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HIST 208 Study Guide - Final Guide: Emperor Taizong Of Tang, Fujiwara Clan, Caspian Sea


Department
History
Course Code
HIST 208
Professor
Griet Vankeerberghen
Study Guide
Final

This preview shows pages 1-3. to view the full 10 pages of the document.
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Sui$reunifica+on
-581$to$618$
-founded$by$Yang$Jian,$known$as$Sui$
Wendi$$
-spent$years$preparing$to$conquer$
the$south$$
-invasion$of$Vietnam$in$605$$
-many$military$campaigns$due$to$
conscrip+on$and$mobiliza+on$
-permanent$unifica+on$of$China$$
-comple+on$of$Grand$Canal$in$611,$
manmade$linkage$bw$Yangzi$and$
Yellow$river$—>$economic$and$
cultural$unifica+on$$
-imperial$overstretch$led$to$its$
collapse$
-aLacked$Koguryo$in$612$
pg$91$
Tang$Taizong
-second Tang emperor
-626-649
-got into a fight with his brothers to fight
for the thrown and killed them both and
then his father voluntarily gave up the
thrown bc he was scared
-one of the most capable and outstanding
emperors
-peak of political and military power in
China
-elements of nomadic culture in court bc
of nominal origins
-Turks invaded China but Tailing made
them withdraw
-murdered his brothers and took the
thrown, great ruler of Tang, helped w
expansion and economic growth
pg 94
Yang$Guifei
-“Precious Consort Yang”
-lover of Emperor Xuanzong, but he was
forced to killed her when she helped An
Lushan gain military power and the Tang
capital fell
-extended military patronage to her own
favs at court
-helped An Lushan (a Turk) control
armies in N Tang
pg 104
Wu$Ze+an
-Empress of Tang
-625 - 705
-only woman to official hold the title
emperor
-encouraged ppl to recommend
themselves for academic advancement
thru examination
-ruthless leader
-manipulated power to proclaim her own
dynasty
pg 99, 103
Han$Yu
-late-Tang literary giant
-768-824
-prefigure in Neoliberal Confucianism
-privatization of education in Tang China
before its universalization
-fabricated new vision of an orthodox
transmission of the confucian way
pg 98, 107

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Tang$Xuanzong
-emperor of Tang China
-713 - 756
-succeeded Empress Wu’s son
-his reign is commonly regarded as the
golden age and produced a lot of poets
-ended in a failure bc he fell in love with
Yang Guifei who allowed the Turks to
invade
-love affair with his own concubine
-protected the An Lushan rebellion group
pg 103
Chan$(Zen)$Buddhism
-Chinese domestication of Buddhism
-connected to Daoist language and ideas
-‘Chan’ = meditation
-enlightenment is sought by awakening
from reality of the world around you
-became the mainstream of Chinese
buddhism
-still connected to Indian origin
pg 101
Tibetan$Empire
-during An Lushan’s rebellion the empire
captured the Tang capital in 763
-from 780 - 848 Tibetans controlled the
NW silk road oasis of Dunhuang
- spilt bc of internal disputes, and then
was’t unified until Mongol domination
pg 106
Dao$Tong$(“Transmission$of$
the$Way”)
-Han Yu - creator of the concept
-Under the Song dynasty
-influenced by contemporary Buddhist
concepts of patriarchal lines of
transmission
- cement in place a powerful vision of a
unitary China
pg 108
Regime$of$Codes
-secular code of the Silla court
-602
-formulated by monk Won’gwang
-codified law —> helped with
centralization
-internal factors of competing Uji, seen as
useful in asserting power
-imported from China
1. serve lord w loyalty
2. serve parten w filial piety
3. interact w friends in good faith
4. do not retreat from battle
5. exercise the discretion of the killing of
living things
- #1 and #2 are confucian, #5 is buddhist,
#4 comes from Korean tradition
pg. 110
Fujiwara$family
-Fujiwara means ‘ Wisteria Plain’ —> the
place where they met to plan their take
out of the Soga
-leading family of Japan
-name bestowed upon Nakatomi
Kamatari
-decentralization
-court competing with private interests
pg. 115

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Heian-kyō
-Japanese period lasting from 794 - 1185
-current day Kyoto (which means capital)
-
-can be seen as a continuation of the
Nara period from a different location
-aristocratic high culture (influenced by
Chinese)
-
pg. 120
Tale$of$Genji
-written at start of 11th cent
-author: Lady Marasaki Shikibu
-the word ‘sadness’ is in the book more
than 1000 times
-called the worlds first novel / extended
work of prose fiction
-relates the life of an imaginary Prince,
Prince Genji, with the sadness of things
and Buddhist awareness of the
transience and impermanence of life /
existence
-example of Heian period of women
literature
pg. 21, 123
Kana
-9th and 10th century, Chinese
characters used to phonetically spell out
Japanese —> standardized
-creation of 51 symbols known as the
kana
-used to fluently write the sounds of all
the syllables of Japanese language
-derived from Chinese but stripped from
meaning
pg. 21
Nara
-capital city
-built from 708 -712
-laid out in grid design (north to south)
-not surrounded by a wall (unlike major
Chinese cities)
-period from 710-784
-functional admin aspects of law cods
and Buddhism were strong
-permanent city that still exists today
-effect the city had was so significant that
it named a period of Japanese history
-conscription, coin production, and first
written history of Japan
-centralized and united Japan
pg. 117, 120
Shōen$(private$landed$estates)
- from about the 8th to the late 15th
century, describes any of the private, tax-
free, often autonomous estates or manors
whose rise undermined the political and
economic power of the emperor and
contributed to the growth of powerful local
clans
-As the estates grew, they became
independent of the civil admin system
and contributed to the rise of a local
military class
-with the estb of the Kamakura
shogunate in 1192, centrally appointed
stewards weakened the power of these
local landlords
Late Heian and
Kamakura
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