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HIST 214 - All lectures

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McGill University
HIST 214
Nicholas Dew

What is European History? 1/29/2012 6:07:00 PM Are continents good units to use? Definition and limits of Europe (who is in, who is out?) Narrative Unity v Diversity of Europe The Myth of Continents Are continents the best way to divide up human history? Americas make sense, for American history. Others completely different e.g. African History Egypt and Zimbabwe. Human history has a relationship to natural geography. Concept of continents has existed for long time, antiquity Greek. Division between continents did exist. Mediterranean unit more precise than the European one? South Eastern Europe incredibly hard to define. No water barrier from Asia and Europe. Is Russia part of Europe? Georgia? Azerbaijan? Iceland? Greenland? (Spatial Frontiers) th th Muslim states in Spain (8 -15 cent.)? (Cultural frontiers) Western vs. Eastern Europe; peripheries (Regional Balance) Western Europe might dictate what we think of as Europe because they have a greater economy, also greater population. Narratives and Models The Grand narrative of Western Civilization, enlightenment to now. Socrates, Martin Luther, French Revolution Two problems with Western Civilization, Western (doesnt really happen in the West, in middle east often and also south eastern Europe.) Civilization (18thcentury concept, not really used anymore, has too many problematic connotations) A story of civilization? You can tell the story of Europe in many different ways, A story of modernization? A story of rights, freedom, democracy? Technological and economic progress? A story of secularization? Or a story of global imperialism? Totalitarianism and genocide? Stuart Woolf, Europe and its historians The emergence of nation-states (dominant model in 19 th early 20thcentury) th Mid 20 century: crisis of values, after world war 1 and 2, values need to be rethought as many did not understand how these wars could happen. Decline of the West. Much more negative view on history. Post 1945, European integration and international histories, deliberate EU funded program to delve deeper into European History. Political funding good thing? Post 1989? (Greater interest in Eastern Europe). Collapse of Berlin war and iron curtain. Much more effort to try and understand Eastern Europe and funding to review history and culture of Eastern Europe. Does Europe Have A History? Jean-Frederic Schaub, p. 216 Does Europe have a history? If by history we mean a path traced out over the ages which crystallizes in the EU, the answer is no. Europe is plural, no matter how far common institutions develop. Doesnt have linguistic or cultural unification unlike large new countries like USA or Brazil or large old countries such as China. Europe has changed it meaning since 1945, but so has history. From political History (history of state), economic history, social history, cultural history and intellectual History etc. The New World creates the Old? -From the USA and Latin America -Europe as a colonial power that has to be rejected and transcended through Revolution What does European History mean in Canada? What does European-ness mean? -Fist Nations: Europeans as colonists -Quebec: British as colonists -From bicultural to multicultural -More diverse immigration: identity debates European History if not given Any unifying theme can be challenged, debated Writing History chosen From Prehistory to the Ancient (Mediterranean) World Prehistory Much longer than recorded history (Mesolithic Period: - 40,000 years.) Last glacial maximum: C. -15000 years. Neolithic era begins: -9000-5000 years Material evidence (archaeology): genograpics Divisions of Europe Mediterranean vs. Europe Wine/Beer Line Olive growing line Limit of Roman Empire (5 thcentury) -Latinate vs. Germanic (barbarian) Europe Catholic / Protestant (16 thcentury) th Rural vs. Industrial (19 century) Academic Integrity, Library Resources and Writing 1/29/2012 6:07:00 PM Library Tips VPN on your computer (for JSTOR) The Librarys Subject Guides: The different catalogues E-resources (DNB; OEB) Peer-reviewed journal Bibliographic data bases Cambridge Histories Online Oxford Scholarships Online OED; DNB etc. Academic Integrity Chapter 6 and 7 Footnotes Try not to use long quotations, secondary source (essential quotes, less than a sentence, sentence at most), primary source (more appropriate to have beiger quotes so 2-3 lines, 3-4 max). Chicago style citations. Endnote (McGill site license: free download) - using/endnote/ How to make Notes Focus on the coursepack readings Skim through Hunt, and then come back to do further reading later on Dont try to note down all the facts Instead, look for key questions/debates Look for telling examples (cases) to use in essays Sample exam questions will be on WebCT Research Further Reading Lists Understand how to distinguish between sources: Good sources and bad Types of sources (journal article, book, etc.)
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