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HIST 215 Study Guide - Quiz Guide: Direct Democracy, Code Noir, DamelPremium

5 pages120 viewsWinter 2015

Department
History
Course Code
HIST 215
Professor
Anastassios Anastassiadis
Study Guide
Quiz

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Monumental Encyclopedia(Diderot) 21:44
All those people doing the thinking are white males, thinking about things
they did not necessarily no like slavery. Most Europeans hadn’t seen the
effects of slavery at that time.
Ambivalence in documents
Sees society in a familial relationship-parallel
Principal goal of the society:
The procreation and protection of the children it produces- the father and
mother are responsible for nourishing them till they are able to care for
themselves
Husband and wife:
Woman subordinate to husband to obey
Belief that authority has to reside in one person in a relationship(&state)-the
male
Fredrician code(1750)- definitive&universal right- husband is the master
Holy scripture commands the wife to submit to the master(husband)
Contradicting this:
Difficult to demonstrate- principal contrary to equality of men
Men are not better physically or mentally
Only subordination is civil law(conventions)
General law comes from human institutions not natural right so mens voices
should way more- women know civil law and submit to it when they marry
Woman governing over- not incompatible w/marital contract- natural
right(queens)
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EXAMPLES: England&Muscovy- women can succeed equally
Lacedaemonian marriages: women took the dress of the man to show equal
power-they bring men into the world
Eygpt: women had authority over men
The contractual engagements=determined reciprocal rights
“provisio hominis tollit provisionem legis”-ancinent maxim
Slavery: Europeans take them and justify it: slaves find salvation in loss of
libery, to show them Christianity, and they need to know how to cultivate
sugar etc.- this mitigates he fact that what they are doing contradicts
natural law
Conducted by all nations of west indies- French, English, Portuguese,
dutch,swedes, danes
Companies:
The compagnie du Senegal(French company)
Compagnie de guineu=Compagne de L’assiente- terminated under treaty of
Utretch- restablished by Louis XV
Best negroes:
Cape verde, angola, Senegal, wolofs,galland, damel
A piece D’Inde(India piece)-negro- 30-32 pounds in merchandise for the
country- outbargained themselves
How did they become slaves:
Avoid famine/poverty=sell themselves
Prisoners taken in war/invasions of land
Slaves(negroes) catching eachother –selling each other
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