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Final

HIST 249 Study Guide - Final Guide: Lobotomy, Third Text


Department
History
Course Code
HIST 249
Professor
Faith Wallis
Study Guide
Final

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Question : 1.2 Lobotomy was most popular as a therapeutic option in the 1930‐50s.
However, today we consider this therapy one of the big errors in the history of medicine.
Describe some of the historical factors that can help us understand why doctors at the time
judged lobotomy to be beneficial and why they eventually stopped using it.
NOTES
First text
General information :
o Case study to illuminate the reader on a specific mental illness
o Written like "lobotomy is good for you"
o Written FOR students, medical schools, other doctors, and to "sell" the
procedure
Aspects lacking :
o The text misses pictures and diagrams. There is no anatomical representation
even if it is a surgery in the brain! There is no discussion on anatomy. There
are no statistics
Use :
o Potential states for lobotomy : obsessive-compulsive, depression, agressive
o The case study : the two women were not able to get along in their social
environment
o Lobotomy is really related to social issues, instead of physical and
psychological illness (like it is today)
o The reason of the use for lobotomty is that patient are not considered
mentally accepted in society
o It represents a last option, for patients who could not "fit in"
o The goal was not really to "cure" them
Second Text
General information :
o Doctors do not know what they are doing in the brain, they go from the nose
and/or the eyes
o Neural pathways were changed with age, so if you were able to change them,
then you will go back to your previous state of mind
Third text
General information :
o Lobotomy was ethically problematic even if it was thought to be ok
o Doctors used lobotomy to "control" patient
Why accepted?
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