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Study Guide

MUAR 211- Midterm Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 28 pages long!)


Department
Music - Arts
Course Code
MUAR 211
Professor
Jerry M.Cain
Study Guide
Midterm

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McGill
MUAR 211
Midterm EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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ART OF LISTENING 1
History of Notated/Prejudiced Music From 9th Century *Earliest Recorded
A) 6 BASIC ELEMENTS OF MUSICAL STYLE
1- Ensemble
2- Melody
3- Rhythm
4- Harmony
5- Form
6- Texture
1- Ensemble
Ensemble [Scoring/Orchestration]
Essentially What Timbres are Heard In the Piece
A) What Instruments / Voices = Included in the Ensemble?
B) Is the Work for Multiple Parts?
Solo Voice +
Instruments
Harpsichord
Clarinet
Tuba *ONLY
After 18th
Century
Electric Bass
Drum Kit
C) What Role Do the Various Instruments Pla Withi the Work’s Esele?
Are They ALL Equally Important OR Some Parts MoreProminent > Than Others?
D) Are Individual Instruments Used Only in Support Roles
Perhaps Continuously Doubling the Musical Lines of Other Instruments?
E) Are the Various Instruments Used to Carry the Main Melody OR Perhaps Even as Soloists Within the
Work’s Teture?
Ex: Quartet = 4 Instruments
String Quartet = Specific Ensemble of Instruments
18th Century/ 1700s
4 Movements & 4 Instruments
2 Violin + 1 Cello [Bass] + 1 Viola [Bigger Than
Violin]
VOCALIST(S)
A) Does the Work Include Vocalists? If So, What Voice Parts are Involved?
B) If There is a Text, What is the Language & Content/Meaning of the Text? Who Wrote It?
Ex: If Music with Only 1 Voice = A Cappella
2 Types of Music With Text
Secular For Entertainment Ex: Dance
Sacred For Worship Ex: Religious Chant
*Chant = Oldest Written Music in Western World [No Beat so Only Memorized]
DYNAMICS
Dynamics = Relative Loudness / Softness at any Given Point in the Music
Are the Dynamics Rather Simple, Perhaps
Consisting Only of Forte & Piano?
How Subtle are the Changes in the Dynamics?
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2- Melody
Melody
Linear Component of Music
Pitch & Rhythms in Linear Succession/Sequence That Form a Characteristic Whole
*Often Most Memorable/Recognizable Part of Musical Texture
Ex: Main Melody Repeated Throughout Song + Bridge [NOT Part of Melody]
Can Have Multiple Melodies in 1 Song
Descriptions of Melodic Features / Style Traits:
A) Conjunct OR Disjunct Melody
Conjunct = Joined Together
Disjunct =Disjoined / Distinct from One Another
B) Lyrical OR Motivically
Oriented Melody
Lyrical = Seemingly Vocal & Singable Character
Motivically Oriented = Often Heard as More Instrumental In
Character
C) Melody Generated by
Sequential Treatment
Of Either a Single OR Very Few Short Rhythmic Motives
Ex: Baroque Fortspinnung Melodic Type
D) How Large Is the
Range of the Melody?
E) Short & Memorable OR
Long & Complicated Melody
F) Phrased OR Long Melody
Phrased = Into Regular & Even-Numbered Rhythmic Units
Long = Drawn Out & Asymmetrical
3- Rhythm
Rhythm
ALL Aspects of Projecting & Organizing the Pulse in Music
Does the Work Have a Beat = Metered OR NO Beat = NON-Metered Ametrical
A) Meter = Most Important Large-Scale Subdivision of the Beat Into Regular/Irregular Patterns
Can be Duple / Triple / Assymetrical *Can Also Change During the Piece
B) Tempo = Relative Speed of the Beat
1- Patterns of Accentuation = Accent
What Beats are Stressed More Than Others?
2- Is the Basic Pulse [Beat] Continuous
OR Does the Pulse Vary During the Movement?
3- Widely Various OR Conservative
Rhythmic Figures
Various RF= Lots of Different Rhythmic Motives
Conservative RF= Just Few Rhythmic Figures Used Repetitiously
4- Harmonic Language / Harmony
Harmony - Harmonic Language
Discussion of a Work’s Harmonic Aspects
Can Involve Analysis of
A) Juxtaposition of Key Areas
Within 1 Single Piece / Movement
B) Juxtaposition of Key Areas
Among Different Movements of the Same Work
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