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MUAR 211 Quiz I Prep.docx

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McGill University
Music-Arts Faculty
MUAR 211
Jerry M.Cain

MUAR 211 Quiz I Prep Quiz #1 Listening Guide In paradisum – Anonymous Texture: monophonic Genre: plainchant Language: Latin Columba aspexit – Hildegard of Bingen Texture: monophonic throughout Genre: plainchant Language: Latin Performance: responsorially Form: AA’BB’ Alleluia, Diffusa est gratia - Perotin Texture: polyphony Genre: organum Language: Latin Dame, de qui toute ma joie vient – Guillaume de Machaut Texture: non-imitative polyphony Genre: chanson Language: vernacular language (French) Agnus Dei – Guillaume de Machaut Texture: non-imitative polyphony Genre: chanson Language: vernacular language (French) Ave Maris Stella – Guillaume Dufay Texture: homophonic Genre: hymn Language: Latin Kyrie from Pange Lingua Mass – Josquin des Prez Texture: imitative polyphony Genre: Kyrie from a late Renaissance Mass Language: ancient, sacred Greek prayer Quei augellin che chanta – Claudio Monteverdi Texture: polyphony Genre: madrigal Language: vernacular language (originally Italian) General Terminology and Concepts Genre: specific category of music defined by its traits/ categories Ensemble: instruments, vocals A Cappella: music with no instrumentation Pitch: a sound producing vibration that oscillates at a specific rate Interval: the distance of frequency between two pitches, either upward or downward (measured by half-steps) Octave: natural phenomenon of sound Equal-temperament tuning: man-made division of an octave into 12 half-steps Pitch names: A B C D E F G Accidentals: - sharp: raise by an interval - flat: lower by an interval - natural: cancels flat or sharp Ranges of Human Voices: Soprano, Alto, Tenor, Bass Text Setting: practice of setting words to music - syllabic: one syllable to one pitch - melismatic: one syllable to numerous pitches Monophony: one line music for voices Polyphony: simultaneous combination of 2 or more melodies - imitative: use the same motives ( fragments of melody ) - non-imitative: four voices with four independent melodies that never repeat the music of another voice part Homophony: a musical texture that involves any one melody of real interest with chords or other sounds - melody + accompaniment Homorhythm: all parts move together rhythmically Medieval Period ( 450-1450) Manuscript: music written down - first extant manuscript: sacred music (800) o written by monks due to only people at church are literate Sacred culture: anything intended for worship Secular culture: everything excluding sacred Liturgy: systems of prayers and worships of specific religion (services for special occasions) Plainchant: a genre of music that was the official music of the Roman Catholic Church - latin/sacred (function): MASS / DIVINE OFFICE - nonmetrical: rhythm is free, no set beat/meter - usually monophonic - usually performed a cappella nonmetrical: “free” rhythm, no meter, no beat Divine Office: private worship observed by community in a monastery Mass: public worship - Kyrie eleison - Gloria in excelsis - Credo - Sanctus - Agnus Dei - Proper Mass: texts that change according to day - Ordinary Mass: texts that are same because sung everyday Performing Chant - direct performance - responsorial singing: solo leader performs verse and the entire congregation answer each verse with following verse or with response - antiphonal singing: divided into two groups that take turn singing phrases of text mode: a limited collection of pitches that are orga
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