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MUAR 211 (60)
Midterm

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Department
Music-Arts Faculty
Course
MUAR 211
Professor
Jerry M.Cain
Semester
Winter

Description
MUAR 211The Art of ListeningJerry Cain Winter 2013 Twentieth Century 1900impressionism in painting French movement by painters who tried to capture fleeting image of subject through innovative use of light colourperspective demonstrates fascination for continuous change in appearance MonetRenoir were impressionist painterso characteristicssoft pastel hues lacked minute details prettypleasant subjects impressionism in music chromatic irregular phrases ambiguity of form unresolved dissonances whole tone scales th symbolism late 19century movement in art that sought to express mystical or abstract ideas through symbolic use of imagessymbolist poetry literature that was contemporary with impressionism focusing strongly on pleasantevocative sounds of words in combination metaphoricallysymbolically rich in meaning but meaning often ambiguousopen to multiple interpretations Claude Debussy 18621918 tho most important French composer of early 20 century o very important innovator o entered Paris Conservatory at age of 11 o influenced by performances of Wagners music dramaso biggest innovationharmonic language o Prelude to an Afternoon of a Faunpopular subject of numerous ballet choreographies but ballet not original genre tone poemsymphonic poem a piece of orchestral program music in one long movementpentatonic scale 5 pitch scale adds exotic nontonal sound to piece found in music of exotic cultures played on the black notes of a keyboardwhole tone scale a scale comprising only six notes of the octave each a whole tone apart avant garde in the most advanced style often questions fundamental assumptions can be very challenging for performersaudiences point of work can be to pose questions never asked beforeWorld War I took place from 19141918World War II took place from 19391945 Igor Stravinsky 18821971 o Russian composer o became famous in Paris just after WWI for ballet scores o one of the 2 or 3 most importantinfluential composers of Western art music o commissioned by Diaghilev to write 3 important ballets for Ballet Ruseo sought refuge in Switzerland at beginning of WWImoved back to France until start of WWII o international celebrity in 1920s30stravelling EuropeUSAexoticism style term the condition of being foreign striking or unusual primitivism style term a subcategory of exoticism artistic stylemovement that imitatedemulated artworks of various nonEuropean culturesprimitivism in painting nonWestern or European subjects dark skin colours violence sexualityRite of Spring Russian ballet first performed in Paris 1913 to shockedscandalized audience most accustomed to refined graceexotic music of French late romantic ballet o premiere resulted in very famous riot o riot was not just about musicsome would go to concert with intent to cause problems due to political culture at timepolytonal simultaneous juxtaposition of 2 or more different key areas in different parts of the orchestradissonance intervals or chords that sound relatively tense and unstableconsonance intervals or chords that sound relatively stable and free of tension
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