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PHIL 237 - Midterm Review: Articles

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PHIL 237
Sarah Stroud

AbortionPopes Argument1A fetus is a human being Biological definition2A fetus is an individual Individual entity that is different from all other unique genetic code3Therefore a fetus is a human individual4Therefore a fetus is a person 5Every innocent person has a right to life6Therefore a fetus has a right to life7Therefore it is wrong to kill any fetus The argument actually is missing a premise one between three and four3a Any human individual is also a personTwice is this indicated when the pope asks rhetorically how could a human individual not be a human person and the human being is to be respected and treated as a person from the moment of conception Mary Anne Warrens Argument1An entity is a person when it has at least some of these five traitsa Traits consciousness reasoning selfmotivated activity communication selfawareness 2A fetus has none of these five traits3A fetus is not a person4Only persons have moral rights 5A fetus does not have moral rights I dont think person needs to be in there at all The concept and semantics around personhood clutter and confuse the argument Person here is nothing but an arbitrary definition This is what she is really trying to say 1An entity only has moral rights when it has at least some of X Y and Z2A fetus does not have X Y nor Z3A fetus does not have moral rights Now critiquing Warren is a matter of metaethics what is the source of moral rights
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