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POLI 211 Final Exam Review - Iran Terms

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Political Science
POLI 211
Fillippo Sabetti

IranSAVAKSecret police used by Muhammed Reza Pahlavi to repress the antiShah opposition clergy liberal Left as it increasingly grew radicalized and violent Important as an example of repression that did not work compared to say Tiananmen Or in comparison to other secret police services used for repression such as the KGB KemalismDevelopment model that emerged in Turkey following its modern founding by Mustafa Kemal Ataturk after whom it was named Its most important features were secularism nationalism and a domineering role for the state in socioeconomic change Obviously important for the influence it had on Iranian development Ayatollah Khomeini Chief architect and leader of the revolution of 1979 who ruled Iran as supreme leader between 1979 and 1988 Favoured revolutionary politics protecting radical faction within the government and viewed economics with disdainImportant due to his role in advancing revolutionary Islam with the view of secularism as the enemy of the Muslim world Important due to this militarism and keenness on exporting revolution Important in comparison to other revolutionary leaders Mao LeninStalin TrotskyHostage CrisisInitiated in November 1979 when radical students took US diplomatic personnel hostage at the US embassy in Tehran demanding the handover of the Shah to Iran and recognition of Irans grievances against the US for its role in the 1953 coup and support of the Shah Hostages were released in January 1981 after 444 days Important as it played into Khomeinis rhetoric of the West is the enemy and allowed him to scapegoat liberals in Iran as being stooges of the US
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