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Political Science
POLI 212
Hudson Meadwell

1. Somewhere Kesselman and Krieger state that it is difficult to overestimate the impact of the French Revolution on French and world history. Well, what were some of the important legacies of the French Revolution in France and Europe? a. Was the beginning of a new political culture in which people were more involved in the political community. b. First Republic (1792) was the first regime European regime based on the principle that all citizens, regardless of social background, were equal before the law. c. Prompted similar uprisings and revolutions in other nations. d. Liberal and democratic revolutions beyond borders. e. France’s institutions prone to abrupt change within a short time period. f. Introduction of democratic republicanism as a sort of “civil religion”. g. *See: Howard. h. Mass politics influenced the development of Germany and Italy 2. Who says this: 'Though we may like to think democracy's victory in the Cold War proves its deep roots in Europe's soil, history tells us otherwise'. So, what does history tell us about the roots of democracy in Europe? a. Mazower reading. 3. What are the best ways to compare nation and state formation in these cases: France, Britain, Italy, Germany. Keep in mind that I would not ask you to compare all four in one answer a. Late Formation/Industrialization i. Germany ii. Regime from authoritarian empire state coalitions reflect conservative, wealthy interests iii. Top-down process of industrialization 1. Strong-state assisted in industrialization 2. Important because of vulnerable location and importance of industrialization to the military 3. Catching up with geopolitical competition protect infant industry, government assisted start-ups (expensive industry), national banks with interests in certain industries iv. Mass politics and nationalism common during state formation an understanding that mass politics (some attempt at democracy) will be part of state formation 1. Dealt with the working class as it was forming v. New nation had to deal with shocks of war instability, lapse in democracy (not seen in Britain or France) b. Early Formation/Industrialization
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