1. Somewhere Kesselman and Krieger state that it is difficult to overestimate the
impact of the French Revolution on French and world history. Well, what were
some of the important legacies of the French Revolution in France and Europe?
a. Was the beginning of a new political culture in which people were more
involved in the political community.
b. First Republic (1792) was the first regime European regime based on the
principle that all citizens, regardless of social background, were equal
before the law.
c. Prompted similar uprisings and revolutions in other nations.
d. Liberal and democratic revolutions beyond borders.
e. France’s institutions prone to abrupt change within a short time period.
f. Introduction of democratic republicanism as a sort of “civil religion”.
g. *See: Howard.
h. Mass politics influenced the development of Germany and Italy
2. Who says this: 'Though we may like to think democracy's victory in the Cold War
proves its deep roots in Europe's soil, history tells us otherwise'. So, what does
history tell us about the roots of democracy in Europe?
a. Mazower reading.
3. What are the best ways to compare nation and state formation in these cases:
France, Britain, Italy, Germany. Keep in mind that I would not ask you to
compare all four in one answer
a. Late Formation/Industrialization
ii. Regime from authoritarian empire state coalitions reflect
conservative, wealthy interests
iii. Top-down process of industrialization
1. Strong-state assisted in industrialization
2. Important because of vulnerable location and importance of
industrialization to the military
3. Catching up with geopolitical competition protect infant
industry, government assisted start-ups (expensive
industry), national banks with interests in certain industries
iv. Mass politics and nationalism common during state formation an
understanding that mass politics (some attempt at democracy) will
be part of state formation
1. Dealt with the working class as it was forming
v. New nation had to deal with shocks of war instability, lapse in
democracy (not seen in Britain or France)
b. Early Formation/Industrialization