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helin bunce.docx

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McGill University
Political Science
POLI 212

The Historical Origins of the EastWest Divide Civil Society Political Society and Democracy in EuropeValerie BunceAfter the collapse of the Soviet Union it appeared that Europe was unified in ideology and experiencetriumph of the European ideaoprobably not analogy between postCold War Europe and interwar Europeembrace of liberal politics capitalist economics emergence of new statesbutwithin a decade liberalism succumbed to protected economies of communist countriescompetitivehostile alliancesgrowing conflicts among ethnic class spatial lines esp in Eastextremist parties breakdown of democracy in Eastern Europe rise of fascist regimesWorld War IIoafter WWII another long peace but mostly for Western Europenorthsouth eastwest institutional splitosimilarly after conclusion of Cold Wardivision between rich and poor capitalist states old and new democraciesEuropean core and periphery relationship marked by envy and inequalityocomparing the longterm historical evolution of Europe along the eastwest axisfour time frames Roman times to WWI interwar period postWWII capitalistsocialist divide period after collapse of state socialismthree conclusionseastwest divide long predates the postwar era reflects differences in content of political social economic cultural developments as well as timing pacing sequencingeast was just as equally in development of the west as the west was in development of the eastdifferences between the two regions have been very durable still influence Europe todayCAVEATS AND DEFINITIONSeastwest divide arbitraryonothing fixed about European divide Russia falls outside of Europewe can divide Europe into threefour regions or more wy twobut some good reasons to choose eastwest divideopolitical economy of postwar period but eastwest divide predates communist revolutionsStalinostriking contrast between geographical extremes Britain vs RussiaBritain feudalism the state nation capitalism civil society political society democracyRussia serfdom empirestate hybrid authoritarianismstate socialism sudden capitalism with civilpolitical society democracy
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