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POLI 222 midterm .docx

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Political Science
POLI 222
Christa Scholtz

Poli 222: Study Guide for the second exam What are the role of the party according to Cary?  Democratic organization  Representation and accommodation of interests  Contest elections  Form government He said that there were 3 party system: st From confederation 1867 to 1919 : 1 party system  Two party in the system : Conservative and liberals  There was only Parliamentary parties : no organization outside of parliament  Local ministers were important  Pre-democratic : There was a limited suffrage based on property  Patronage politics 1921 : 1957 : 2 party system :  2 parties  Liberal domination  Some extra- parliamentary organization  Rise of the protest parties but they had no base for support  Brokerage politics – accommodate interests; larger platform outreach for more. Try to get as much as possible under your umbrella. The goal is diversity  Rise of broadcasting rd 1963-1993 : 3 party system :  More than 2 parties in the system : 2+ party  Rise of more polling and interest in the voters  Rise of the leader’s position as important in politics  The NDP consolidates on the left  Organization outside of parliament 1963 -1993 transition :  3 liberal majorities and 5 parties  NDP collapses  Regional parties become more important  Rise of the Bloc Quebecois  Right fragmentation and collapse of the Conservative  Conservative majority to conservative road-kill 4 party system : 2004-2008 :  The Liberals lost their position due to the sponsorship scandal  New Conservatives  New Liberals  Bloc Quebecois and Canadian Alliance  Fragmentation of the electorate  Greater diversity among parties  Democracy within parties  Increased regionalization 5 party system :  Conservative majority rd  Liberals are reduced to the 3 important party  Bloc Collapsed  NDP broke out in Quebec – Orange Crush Stewart and Clarke’s article : Party ID as a meaningful concept in Canada Michigan Model : Party ID + short term factors : evaluation of the economy, performance of the leader etc. Party ID :  Psychological attachment one has towards a party  Part of one’s identity  Anchor of the vote : acts as a variable which explains the way people vote. Columbia Model :  Social structure is important  The long term social factors such as race, ethnicity , social class  Play a role for the vote  However this is problematic because it ignores the fact that these long term factors are constant over time and change rarely , so it does not explain the vote very well Do Canadians live in separate worlds? Does party ID on the provincial affect party ID on the federal level?  YES 3 factors played a role : 1. Party ID on the provincial level 2. Short –term evaluation of the federal party 3. How you thought about your federal ID previously They looked at :  Consistency : you are a consistent identifier if on both levels ( federal and provincial ) you have the same party ID . on provincial and federal level => you are a Liberal for example  Stability : you are a stable identifier if within a level over time you have the same party ID. I am stable identifier if on federal level I am Conservative over time. Johnston’s article Do campaigns matter and party ID ? : conclusion : evidence that party id is a important and meaningful concept and campaigns matter in this case of 1988. Is party ID an unmoved mover? UNMOVED : is party ID stable over the election campaign ? Yes the party id is stable, only the vote intentions is more volatile . MOVER : how does party ID impact priming and persuasion. Priming : a change in the issue that voters think about is the campaign : at the beginning of the campaign parties decide what their issue will be due to the fact what people think about is the issue. Persuasion : changing your position/ opinion on a given issue. The findings :  Priming : in the beginning the FTA was not a big issue, but as
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