Poli 222: Study Guide for the second exam
What are the role of the party according to Cary?
Representation and accommodation of interests
He said that there were 3 party system:
From confederation 1867 to 1919 : 1 party system
Two party in the system : Conservative and liberals
There was only Parliamentary parties : no organization outside of parliament
Local ministers were important
Pre-democratic : There was a limited suffrage based on property
1921 : 1957 : 2 party system :
Some extra- parliamentary organization
Rise of the protest parties but they had no base for support
Brokerage politics – accommodate interests; larger platform outreach for more. Try to get
as much as possible under your umbrella. The goal is diversity
Rise of broadcasting
1963-1993 : 3 party system :
More than 2 parties in the system : 2+ party
Rise of more polling and interest in the voters
Rise of the leader’s position as important in politics
The NDP consolidates on the left
Organization outside of parliament
1963 -1993 transition :
3 liberal majorities and 5 parties
Regional parties become more important Rise of the Bloc Quebecois
Right fragmentation and collapse of the Conservative
Conservative majority to conservative road-kill
4 party system : 2004-2008 :
The Liberals lost their position due to the sponsorship scandal
Bloc Quebecois and Canadian Alliance
Fragmentation of the electorate
Greater diversity among parties
Democracy within parties
5 party system :
Liberals are reduced to the 3 important party
NDP broke out in Quebec – Orange Crush
Stewart and Clarke’s article : Party ID as a meaningful concept in Canada
Michigan Model :
Party ID + short term factors : evaluation of the economy, performance of the leader etc.
Party ID :
Psychological attachment one has towards a party
Part of one’s identity
Anchor of the vote : acts as a variable which explains the way people vote.
Columbia Model :
Social structure is important
The long term social factors such as race, ethnicity , social class
Play a role for the vote
However this is problematic because it ignores the fact that these long term factors are
constant over time and change rarely , so it does not explain the vote very well Do Canadians live in separate worlds? Does party ID on the provincial affect party ID on the
YES 3 factors played a role :
1. Party ID on the provincial level
2. Short –term evaluation of the federal party
3. How you thought about your federal ID previously
They looked at :
Consistency : you are a consistent identifier if on both levels ( federal and provincial )
you have the same party ID . on provincial and federal level => you are a Liberal for
Stability : you are a stable identifier if within a level over time you have the same party
ID. I am stable identifier if on federal level I am Conservative over time.
Do campaigns matter and party ID ? : conclusion : evidence that party id is a
important and meaningful concept and campaigns matter in this case of 1988.
Is party ID an unmoved mover?
UNMOVED : is party ID stable over the election campaign ? Yes the party id is stable, only the
vote intentions is more volatile .
MOVER : how does party ID impact priming and persuasion.
Priming : a change in the issue that voters think about is the campaign : at the beginning of the
campaign parties decide what their issue will be due to the fact what people think about is the
Persuasion : changing your position/ opinion on a given issue.
The findings :
Priming : in the beginning the FTA was not a big issue, but as