Study Guides (248,410)
Canada (121,516)
POLI 227 (37)
Midterm

POLI 227 MIDTERM REVIEW.docx

8 Pages
291 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Political Science
Course
POLI 227
Professor
Rex Brynen
Semester
Fall

Description
POLI 227 MIDTERM REVIEW MODERNIZATION/DEVELOPMENTAL DEPENDENCY/UNDERDEVELOPMENTAL Outline * Thinks that countries should follow the * Rejects modernization theory, blames path that West took colonizers * Must adopt modern values, political and * Believe colonialism & imperialism are what economic institutions destroyed NICs * Education, urbanization and media as * West controls finance & economy agents of change * Economic dependence lead to political * Specialized and complex institutions dependence on the West should be put in place * Believes foreign countries should invest * Growth in communication, but not make economic decisions for LDCs transportation and economic change is *Highlights international trade, finance, necessary investment, economic and political relations * Essentially, social and cultural change *Unequal exchange of goods *Places blame more on colonies *1 Worlds control of technology and themselves, not on colonizers. Colonizers multinational corporations helped development *International debt *when colonizers leave a country, countries are still economically dependent on the colonizers. *Terms of trade from colonizers will deteriorate after colonizers leave *dependent on resources Criticism * Early theory seemed to be *Displays LDCs as helpless victims condescending of other cultures, culturally *Blames all of third world problems on biased external factors * Difficult to differentiate between what * East Indias economic growth has traditional values should be modernized confounded theory *Failed to recognize cultural, political and *Dependency is an approach not a theory economic differences between countries *Failed to recognize cultural, political and economic differences between countries Support *Samuel Huntington * Countries not open to foreign investment *evidence that reducing trade barriers are the most impoverished equals faster economic growth *countries that rely on primary exports do poorly in economic and social development Focus *Modernization, social mobilization, * Trade and finance, multinationals, political institutionalization international debt, class exploitation Level of *State and society *International system and class structure Analysis Problem *After decolonization, countries do not * Dependency and Development often follow smooth progress * Domestic class struggle *Decolonization followed by political disorder *Social mobilization social frustration political power political instability disorder Samuel Huntington Amartya Sen *principal conflicts will be cultural * You cant generalize a civilization because of the *clash of civilizations dominate global politics many aspects to people. *civilization highest form of cultural grouping *the thesis of a civilization clash is parasitic on the *Western, Japanese, Confucian, Islamic, Hinduism, commanding power of a unique categorization Slavic-Orthodox, Latin American, Africa (?) *Samuel Huntington has a sharply centered vision *supports modernization theory (believes of hardened divisiveness countries should embrace foreign change) *Thesis is founded on the presumption that the *countries that dont want/cant join the West, world is divided into distinct civilizations compete with the West *the west is trying to redefine Islam *West threatened by nuclear weaponry *by these classifications of people, alienation is *West needs to accept that non-West countries being enforced. will modernize but not Westernize, and that *Not bring the world any closer to a global similarities and acceptance are crucial solution *descriptive weakness of choice less singularity *does not take into account internal conflicts and has the effect of impoverishing the power and divisions within civilizations and cultures i.e. reach of our social and political reasoning Middle-East is Islamic, yet divided *criticized for his stability fetish Colonialism Decolonization Americas *first wave in 15 , 16 , 17 century *lasted around 300 years ago *colonial rule rigid and brutal (natives *Spanish & Portuguese held weak control exterminated or made slaves) * Political power passed to local white elite *very small % retained native *Hierarchy dominant and evident culture/language *Influenced by American and French *distinction made between colonial white Revolutions, Napoleonic wars, US and elite, native whites, mixed blood, Indians British Policy i.e. Monroe Doctrine and black slaves proved change of social *Europeanized, white elite, populations led order struggle for independence, nationals *economic order changed (plantations) movements rooted in changes in local *political control passes from metropolis society to local white elite Asia *explored for trade, then conquest *lasted India around 200 years *1 : Portugest (African coast), Dutch (East *Middle East lasted around > 50 years Indies), British (India), France (Indochina) *most dramatic decolonization i.e. partition *semi-official trading companies (e.g. East of India led to many dead and refugees Indian Trading Company) *French & Dutch tried to hold on to*indigenous societies larger, more robust colonies after WWII, but they failed and more remote *fight for decolonization led by common *agenda and borders set by colonial societies powers *anti-colonialism in rural areas: the elites *ideological racist justification (whose power was threatened), and the peasants (implicitly resisted) *anti-colonialism in urban areas: alienated rural migrants, working class, civil servants, students, bourgeoisie *colonized were exposed to education, new ideas, other social groups and thus established national identity, technology, communication, urbanization, and the strengths and weaknesses of colonialism *different societal groups/classes put aside their differences to unite against the colonial power *transitions to independence through protests strikesriotswars *colonial powers moved out of their own accord at different degrees Africa *initial colonization of coast only *lasted 100 years
More Less

Related notes for POLI 227

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit