CHAPTER 1 – INTRODUCTION
TASK FOR A THEORY LEVELS OF ANALYSIS
1. Description ▯what is it? 1. Systemic Level.
2. Prediction ▯when/how can it happen? 2. Domestic Level.
3. Prescription ▯what can we do? 3. Bureaucratic Level.
4. Provide normative goal. 4. Individual Level.
CHAPTER 2 – IDEALISM VS. REALISM
CLASSIC IDEALISM CLASSICAL REALISM STRUCTURAL REALISM, WALTZ
1. Human behavior can be 1. Human have a will to survive ▯ 1. States are the most important
perfected. selfish. actors.
2. Harmony of interests. 2. Will to dominate. 2. States are unitary and rational
3. War is never good. 3. Competition to dominate ▯ actors.
4. Laws and institutions can guide search for power. 3. The international system is
4. States seek to maximize their
CHAPTER 3 – LIBERALISM
ASSUMING RATIONAL ACTIONS CLASSICAL LIBERALISM
1. Actors behave with a purpose. 1. Individuals are the primary actors.
2. Actors have perfect information. 2. Individuals are rational unitary actors.
3. Actors know their preferences and can rank them. 3. Individuals maximize utility.
4. Actors know all possible options, including the 4. Everything can be traded.
consequences of each. 5. Individual indifference curves can be summed into
5. Actors calculate the cost and benefits associated with societal indifference curves.
CHAPTER 4 – MARXISM
1. Social classes are the primary actors.
2. Classes act in their own material interests.
3. The expropriation of surplus value is exploitation.
CHAPTER 5 – INSTITUTIONALISM & CONSTRUCTIVISM
INTERNATIONAL REGIME INSTITUTIONALISM
1. Rules, norms, principles and procedures… 1. Actors are selfinterested, rational utility
2. Exemples: the WTO, Bretton Woods.
3. Why do some persist and others fail? 2. International regimes can facilitate agreements and
3. Some of the actor’s goals are not zerosum.
1. Interests, preferences and identities are socially constructed.
2. Ideas are important forces shaping identities, preferences and interests.
3. Rationality is contextual.