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POLI243-IDs part I & II.docx

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Political Science
Course Code
POLI 243
Mark Brawley

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PART I CHAPTER 1 – INTRODUCTION TASK FOR A THEORY LEVELS OF ANALYSIS 1. Description  ▯what is it? 1. Systemic Level. 2. Prediction  ▯when/how can it happen? 2. Domestic Level. 3. Prescription  ▯what can we do? 3. Bureaucratic Level. 4. Provide normative goal. 4. Individual Level. CHAPTER 2 – IDEALISM VS. REALISM CLASSIC IDEALISM  CLASSICAL REALISM STRUCTURAL REALISM, WALTZ 1. Human behavior can be  1. Human have a will to survive  ▯ 1. States are the most important  perfected. selfish. actors. 2. Harmony of interests. 2. Will to dominate. 2. States are unitary and rational  3. War is never good. 3. Competition to dominate  ▯ actors. 4. Laws and institutions can guide  search for power. 3. The international system is  behavior. anarchic. 4. States seek to maximize their  power. CHAPTER 3 – LIBERALISM ASSUMING RATIONAL ACTIONS CLASSICAL LIBERALISM 1. Actors behave with a purpose. 1. Individuals are the primary actors. 2. Actors have perfect information. 2. Individuals are rational unitary actors. 3. Actors know their preferences and can rank them. 3. Individuals maximize utility. 4. Actors know all possible options, including the  4. Everything can be traded. consequences of each. 5. Individual indifference curves can be summed into  5. Actors calculate the cost and benefits associated with  societal indifference curves. each option. CHAPTER 4 – MARXISM CLASSICAL MARXISM 1. Social classes are the primary actors. 2. Classes act in their own material interests. 3. The expropriation of surplus value is exploitation. CHAPTER 5 – INSTITUTIONALISM & CONSTRUCTIVISM INTERNATIONAL REGIME INSTITUTIONALISM 1. Rules, norms, principles and procedures… 1. Actors are self­interested, rational utility  maximizers. 2. Exemples: the WTO, Bretton Woods. 3. Why do some persist and others fail? 2. International regimes can facilitate agreements and  cooperation. 3. Some of the actor’s goals are not zero­sum. CONSTRUCTIVISM 1. Interests, preferences and identities are socially constructed. 2. Ideas are important forces shaping identities, preferences and interests. 3. Rationality is contextual.
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