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Political Science
POLI 244
Jason Scott Ferrell

• Definition applies to a wide variety of substances as long as the arrangement of the part is similar • Theories for one realm may be valid for another • Structure is not a collection of political institutions but rather the arrangement of them • Domestic politics is hierarchically organized • The ordering principle of a system gives the first bit of information about how the parts of a realm are related • Specific functions of formally differentiated parts gives the second bit of information • Third bit acknowledges that while specific functions remain unchanged, units come to stand in different relation to each other through changes in relative capability 1. Ordering Principles • Parts of domestic political systems stand in relation of super and subordination • Domestic systems are centralized and hierarchic • International systems are decentralized and anarchic o In the absence of agents with system-wide authority, formal relations of super and subordination fail to develop • Structure and anarchy are in contradiction • A market constrains the unites that compromise it from taking certain actions and disposes them toward taking others • International political systems are individualist in origin, spontaneously generated, and unintended • In a micro theory. The motivation of the actors is assumed, rather than realistically described • “the structure selects” means simply that those who conform to accepted and successful practices more often rise to the top and are likelier to stay there 2. The Character of the Units • Anarchy entails relations of coordination among a system’s units, and that implies their sameness • International structures vary only through a change of organizing principles, or failing that, through variations in the capabilities of units • States are not the only actors in international politics • International politics is mostly about inequalities • States are the units whose interactions form the structure of international political systems • States are sovereign political entities o Differences of capability, not of function • International politics consists of like units duplication one another’s activities 3. The Distribution of Capabilities
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