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POLI 244 - Summary Of Articles And Their Theses (Final Exam Prep)

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Political Science
POLI 244
Stephen Saideman

GladwellHow David Beats GoliathThesis Davids beat Goliaths when they work harder and expend more effort fullcourt press concept and when they eschew conventionality in favour of socially horrific tactics Keck and SikkinkTransnational Advocacy Networks in International Politics and Human Rights Advocacy Networks in Latin AmericaTransnational Advocacy Networks voluntary reciprocal horizontal bound together by shared values common discourse and dense exchanges of information and services Tactics1Quick and credible generation of information and to disseminate it effectively and efficiently2Drawing upon symbols to relate and make comprehensible a situation to an audience3Calling upon powerful actors as leverage to affect a situation4Holding actors to account to previous policiesprinciples Types of Influence1Generating attention to new issues and setting agendas to provoke media attention2Pressuring states or supporting other NGOs to affect policy changes3Affecting institutional procedures ex Including more NGOs in WB project discussions KilcullenThe Accidental Guerrilla Fighting Small Wars in the midst of a Big OneThesis terrorist groups like AQ engage in a fourstep process 1 moving into remote areas to establish presence 2 spread of influence to countryregion at large 3 intervention byothers to limit terrorist influence and 4 rejection of intervening presence where locals become accidental guerrillas as their interests are seen as closer to terrorist organizations compared to foreign intervening presence Also had four ways to think about conflicts1Backlash against globalization which resulted in global economic disparity and Western cultural hegemony2Globalized Insurgency war on terror best understood as largescale
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