POLI 221 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Caucus, David Emerson, Riding Association

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-If party discipline weakens, government may be unstable. Less certain of there
being confidence in the government.
-Know what the sections in the slides are about and their significance.
-Preamble to the constitution, it is significant because it means all norms are
conventions are from the British constitution.
-One sentence for significance and one for the definition.
-Same as the sample just different questions.
-Backbencher: They literally sit in the back. Status of the MP in parliament. The front
ones are the most important, usually cabinet. The front bench of the opposition
would be the ones who would take over should the opposition come into power. The
backbench is like the junior members who do not have a high rank or status.
Minority government: Not a majority of votes, no party has the majority of votes.
They don’t have the majority of seats in Parliament. They have to rely on votes of
confidence to stay in power***The opposition is able to vote the government out in
this case.
-Importance of case law in the constitution. Judicial decisions or interpretations of
the constitution.They define how the constitution is interpreted.
-False majority: In the general population, because of low voter turnouts omly 60%
of people voted so because of this not a lot of people voted so they don’t really
represent a majority.
-Who wins the election? You can have a majority of seats in the H of commons while
winning 40% of the popular vote. The government is not the actual majority support
of the people, only the 60% of the people that voted.
**** the electoral system allows a majority government to be formed with a minority
of the votes of the people.*****
-Letters of patent 1947: Part of the G.G. It describes the laws and powers of the G.G it
outlines her powers. It shows that the monarch is passing on her powers to the G.G.
They were the formal Canadianizing of the governor general. That formal transfer of
power, established a formal separation between the Crown and Canadian
government. As a matter of practice before this, Canada was already treated as an
independent sovereign state.
-Notwithstanding clause: section in the charter of rights and freedom, which allows
laws to be enacted which contradict the charters. The law must implicitly say which
section it is violating and the law must expire in 4 days. Allows temporary violations
of democratic rights.
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