[POLI 360] - Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam (134 pages long!)

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McGill
POLI 360
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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07-09-2016
-POLI 360: Lecture 1
-SECURITY, STRATEGY; GRAND STRATEGY
-Int’l system = anarchy
No central governing authority
-Control behaviour of nation states?
-Self-help
Check realist theories
States maintain own armed forces
Cherished values may be lost without these forces
Maintaining autonomy/independence
Physical protection = big concern
Is Canada passive or active?
-Increasing security --> decrease security of neighbours
Neighbour will have to respond
This is a security dilemma
Security Problem
-in order to protect selves, nations arm selves, but as a result
urge their neighbours to arm selves as well.
-Spiralling arms race
Outcome: neither is secure in objective sense --> need to
keep building
-IND / PAK
-CHI / USA
-States in competition
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07-09-2016
6 Dimensions of Security
Military
-Possession of weapons/capabilities to prevent the threat
from other nations
-Capability threshold --> lead to dilemma
Political
-Countries want stables states/governments
Economic
-Access to finance and markets
-trade
Societal
-Maintain national cultures/customs (protect)
Environmental
-Global warming = major threat to security
Human
-National security is narrow concept…security for whom?
-Without interest of people in mind, what is the point?
-State unable to protect
-Police forces? Grassroots-level security?
-Borders over people?
-MANAGEABILITY
-High-politics, low-politics
-Traditional concern
-Conception of national security differs from country to coun-
try
National consumption
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