POLI 360 Study Guide - Final Guide: Realpolitik, Peacebuilding

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13 Apr 2012
Course
Professor
Review April 12
Part I: What is Security? National, International and Global Security
National Security
military doctrines, strategies, grand strategy
deterrence -> conventional and nuclear
Global Security
are they based on Western hegemonic norms?
International Security
less norms-based than global security
Grand Strategy: mobilizations of resources to obtain political objectives of war and peace
Strategy:
It may be difficult to ascertain strategies, but much can be revealed through behavioural analysis.
Technologies impact strategy.
Instant communication has made deaths and casualties sustained in war a lot more sharp in the public
consciousness.
Nuclear Deterrence
Was the lack of nuclear war as a result of successful deterrence, or because of normative changes in
the world?
Did the status quo satisfy all major powers, hence not incentivizing anyone to seek further
expansionism?
There is an ability to become rich through other means.
Part II: Causes of War
Systemic, Nation-state (societal), and decision-maker level explanations.
Levels are useful analytical categories that make explanations easier.
Systemic explanations focus on the international system, offering a structural analysis of the strains
that are found in the system (ex. polarities, balance of power, etc.)
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