Study Guides (248,444)
Canada (121,540)
Psychology (579)
PSYC 180 (4)
Amir Raz (4)
Midterm

Midterm 1 Notes.docx

3 Pages
66 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 180
Professor
Amir Raz
Semester
Winter

Description
Midterm 1 Notes Chapter 1  The notoriety of Freud undermines the scientific nature of psychology and how it is perceived by the public  Psychology is diverse; there are many different fields o Not the only science to lack a unifying conceptualization  Psychology is an independent discipline because: o It studies the full range of human behavior with scientific techniques o Applications derived from this knowledge are scientifically based o Psychology is the data-based scientific study of human behavior  Often confused with pseudoscience  Often opposes “common sense”  The defining features of science are: o The use of systematic empiricism o The production of public knowledge o The examination of solvable problems  Psychological research is often avoided because people fear the answers, not because they do not think it is accurate Chapter 2  The falsifiability criterion states that, in order for a theory to be useful, the predictions drawn form it must be specific: if it does not rule out any possible observations, then the theory can never be changed.  The more events deemed impossible by a theory, the more impressive it is o Freudian theory can explain everything: it is not falsifiable.  The quality of confirming instances is just as important as the quantity of the confirmations.  Science seeks conceptual change, which makes it frequently incompatible with folk wisdom/common sense.  A new theory must explain all of the facts that the old theory did plus new facts that the old theory could not explain.  A solvable problem is synonymous with a testable theory. Chapter 3  Reliability refers to the consistency of a measuring instrument (whether you would arrive at the same measurement after multiple assessments)  Construct validity refers to whether a measuring instrument (operational definition) is measuring what is supposed to be measured. Chapter 4  A case study is an investigation that looks intensely and in detail at a single individual or very small number of individuals.  A testimonial is similar in that it is an isolated event, but there are testimonials to support everything subject to the placebo effect  The placebo effect involves the tendency of people to report that a medication/procedure has helped them, regardless of whether it has or not.  The vividness effect is when people are faced with a problem-solving or decision- making situation, the retrieve from memory the information that seems relevant to the situation
More Less

Related notes for PSYC 180

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit