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[PSYC 215] - Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam (180 pages long!)


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 215
Professor
Mark Baldwin
Study Guide
Final

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McGill
PSYC 215
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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Lecture #1: Social Psychology Introduction 20:35
Social Psychology:
From your text: “The scientific study of the feelings, thoughts, and
behaviours of individuals in social situations”
The definition does not cover anything but it is a pretty good one.
-Human psychology is similar in many ways to that of other animals.
Those kinds of themes and those theories influence social psychology.
-Social psychology draws from various sources, such as:
Social neuroscience- The study of the brain in the context of social
psychology.
Basic animal learning processes.
Basic thinking and associative learning.
Evolutionary theories.
Social psychologists, you could boil down 2 major themes of the course and
the field:
Humans actually do not think exactly the same as mice and rats and
elephants.
We have language, spend a lot of time thinking in terms of language and
other symbols, we are able to do things mentally that other animals cannot
to the same extent.
Humans- a lot of time spent on symbolic thought, and describing thought
processes and so forth.
Humans are social.
Leads to valuable benefits to human social life but can cause some
confusions/problems, things that are not functional in social life.
We are social animals, motivated to be social and that is the way our lives
work.
-Social psychologists are really interested in how when we are sitting around
thinking, we are often thinking about our social lives.
Whether they are arguments or our close relationships.
We are also thinking about our group lives, the groups we belong too and
the clashes between our group and some other group or a member of a
disadvantaged group and the competing group.
These are the things that excite us and occupy our minds.
Any context you are in, you are interacting.
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Tentative Schedule of Topics:
1/Methods: Like other aspects of psychology, social psychology is a science.
As scientists, we feel responsible to test our ideas and find ways to collect
evidence to decide which of our ideas are correct and whether they need to
be changed to fit reality.
Doing that kind of research is not entirely straight-forward, must talk about
it in terms of how to do it.
You can just watch people, collect info. from people(techniques w/computers
and reaction times).
Specific topics in our research methods that are diff. from other psyc
courses.
--Social psychology- Do you hate people from another group- how do you
ask someone that……….
How to measure that.
2/ Social cognition:
We start in the mind essentially, how do we think about other people.
Often what we do all day, trying to understand what did so and so mean by
that, why did my friend act in a certain way.
trying to understand who the people are we are dealing with, why they act a
certain way, strategies for how to make more friends, these are the kinds of
thoughts that we engage in and that is what social cognition tries to
understand.
Some of this thinking happens very consciously, we are very aware of what
we are thinking.
Key topic in social psychology now- A lot of our thought processes are so
quick and we are not even aware as to why we react a certain way.
-Biases: We would like to think that when we think of our social world we
are realistic, but we are often bias. We only look at certain types of info. and
ignore other types, or dismiss certain types and focus on a sub-set, so our
judgements may be distorted or skewed by the biases we show in what we
think about.
3/Social Self and attitudes:
Social self- The idea that human beings spend a lot of time thinking about
ourselves and our sense of self is very much grounded in our social relations
and how we deal with other people- That kind of back and forth with the
social world.
Attitudes- Not only who am I, but what do I believe, what are my values,
how do I feel about certain things.- How do I now feel when I look at
something.- How it changes by an event.
How we relate to the world, how we develop attitudes and how that
influences our behaviour whether towards things or certain people we meet.
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