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PSYC 215 Study Guide - Comprehensive Final Exam Guide - Conceptual Model, Test Cricket, Stanley Baldwin


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 215
Professor
Mark Baldwin
Study Guide
Final

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PSYC 215

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PSYC 215 – 180904
Lecture 1: Introduction
Important and relevant information for the course and outline syllabus
o Midterm = 40%
One on Oct 11 covers chapters 1-7
One on Nov 13 chapters 8-14 and all lectures from Oct 11 to Nov 13
The better grade of the 2 will be counted
Missing both midterms make up or final becomes 100%
o Final = 60%
TBA
Weighting of midterm and final will be adjusted in an advantageous
fashion depending on which one results with a better mark
Cumulative
Definition of social psych from textbook
o scientific study of feelings, thoughts, and behaviors of individuals in social
situations.
o Humans and animals share a similar psychology but that of humans is more
complex
Humans are social beings, have interesting thoughts, etc.
Tentative Schedule of Topics
Sept 4-6 = Introduction and methods
Sept 12-20 = Social cognition processes and biases
Sept 25-Oct 9 = The social self and attitudes
Oct 16-Nov 8 = Relationships, social influence, groups and intergroup processes
Nov 15-22 = Cultural influences
Nov 27-29 = Applied topics (ex. social psychology-based interventions, health & well-
being)
Will need to organize own reading schedule accordingly
Extra Credit Opportunity
Information available on MyCourses
Participate and receive up to 2%
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PSYC 215 - 180906
Lecture 2 – Research in Social Psychology
Emotional contagion = tendency to converge emotions with another
o Being affected by those around you
o Ex, = scrolling on Facebook and otherspost affecting your mood; speaking to
different people and having their mood affect and converge with yours
simple observation, but how do you know if this is a valid occurrence?
o Hypothesis is not sufficient
o Need scientific observations and a method to test and reach a conclusion
o Ex. of methods = neuroscientific research analyzing neurological responses to
different moods; survey; take an evolutionary angle; simulation and observed
reactions
Operational definition = definition of a variable that is related to one’s research
o Variables are abstract, need to define what they mean or stand for
Ex. = use a mood scale (7-point scale is frequently used in psych)
Correlational Research
Do 2 variables go together or are they unrelated?
Positive correlation = the more you get of one, the more you get of the other
o Ex. = height and weight
taller people aren’t always heavier, but they are related a correlation
Negative correlation = the more you get of one, the less you get of the other
o Ex. = height and IQ
Research generally states that there is a positive correlation between friendship
closeness and mood similarity:
o Can we say that closeness leads to or causes mood similarity?
In other words: [friendship closeness mood similarity]?
o Issue that arises: which causes which? Is there another variable at play?
Correlation does not equal Causation
Reverse causation = actually the other way around
o Ex. = it is having similar moods that lead to becoming closer friends
In other words: [friendship closeness mood similarity]
Third variable problem = this variable needs to be able to explain the other variables
o Ex. = there is some other/third variable that produces/affects friendship
closeness and mood similarity
absent days and grade
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