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Midterm 2 Lecture Notes P1.pdf

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PSYC 333
Jennifer Bartz

PSYC333 Lecture 9Feb 14The Search For Personal ConsistencyExtra Class NotesCrosssituational consistencyby knowing that someone is conscience we can predict their conscience behaviour across Individualdierencesincondionalmultiple traitsThey is very low cross situational consistencysays Walter MischelprobabilityacrosssituaonsData is not random actually it is important and helps tell the behaviour of an individual but requires the use of ifthen contingenciesCognitiveAffective System Theory of Personality CAPSMischel ShodaWrightIndividual differences in conditional probability across situationsOn y axis any dispositional behaviour ie AgreeablenessEach person uctuates a great deal in terms of conscience behaviour in all 12 different situations but these two people taking their mean conscience behaviour is the same thus does not tell us muchSituationif behaviourthen looks for how people construe the situationSituations reliably trigger behavioural responsesCognitive and affective units mediate the situation to behaviour responseA conditional responseNeed to understand the psychological meaning of the situation for the individual in order to predict individuals behaviourVariability in behaviour across situations not random error that needs to be eliminated rather its important information that can give us clues about underlying personality systemShould not take our error but rather understand the errorThe situational variance is important gives us clues for underlying personality systemDescriptive Situations IfCampCharacterize the situation by how the child acts in a woodworking class vs at a cabin meetingSchoolPlayground vs ClassroomHomeMealtime vs Watching TVMischel says we need to move away from these descriptive situations and understand the psychological meaning of the situation of the individualDrawing links between similar situations helps predict behaviourInterpersonal SituationsMischel says to focus on psychological meaning we need to understand interpersonal situationsHow each child behaves in each of the following situation Understanding how these children psychologically construe the situation we can determine more regularities in the childs behaviourPeer approachesPeer teasesAdult praisesAdult warnsAdult punishesIntraindividual Situationbehaviour Proles For Verbal AggressionTwo child 9 and 28Go through 5 situations by standardizing their verbal aggression lines up using the mean from the rest of the groups thus 0 is the same as the normative behaviour of the group of childrenChild 9 warned by adult elicit verbal aggression peer tease will not likely elicit verbal aggressionChild 28 opposite of child 9 More verbal aggression when peer teased while less verbal aggression to warning from adultRandom uctuations are not random are meaningful but need to understand the psychological mindset of the children to predict their future behaviour because each child is differentSituation If Peer TeasedSituaonIfPeerTeasedIndividualdierencesinbehavioracrosssituaonslessconsistentthantheyarewithinthesamepsychologicalsituaonRed bars indicate the mean correlation of verbal aggressive behaviours across all ve situationsLike traditional trait theoristsBlue bars indicate to what extend does a verbal aggressive behaviour on one occasion in a particular situation IF peer teased The blue bars indicate within situations in which peer teased to what extent is verbal aggressive behaviour correlated across those situationsHelps prove Mischels behaviourSituaonIfPeerPosiveContactThere are specic ifthen contingencies that develop for these kidsSituation If Peer Positive ContactCorrelation between prosocial talk within situations involving peer positive contact is much higher than just looking at correlation across all ve situationsCognitive Affective Mediating UnitsMischelThese are the factors that inuence how that person is construing the social situationsEncodings or construalSelf other people situationsExpectancies and beliefsAbout social world outcomes for behaviour in particular situations selfefcacyAffectsFeelings emotions affective responses including physiological arousal to different situationsGoals and valuesDesirable and undesirable outcomes and affective states goals values life projectsCompetencies and selfregulatory plansHow we regulate ourselves using scripts strategies for organizing actionaffecting outcomesCogniveAecvePersonalitySystemCognitiveAffective Personality System
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