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Anthropology 1AA3 FINAL EXAM REVIEW.docx

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Sandra Preston

Monday April 8. 2013 Anthropology 1AA3 FINAL EXAM REVIEW What have you accomplished in 1AA3? - Learned a little bit about what anthropologists do - Skills you have improved in this class: o Identifying peer-reviewed articles for research o Reading material and identifying important information/concepts o Synthesizing and critically evaluating information (i.e. academic writing and properly cite sources) o Proving constructive feedback to peers Final Exam - Monday April 29 - 2:00 to 4:00 pm - Ivor Wynne Center - Bring your student ID - Multiple choice/scantron exam – bring pen + pencils + eraser - Do NOT bring valuables - 35% of your final grade - Total points: 110 questions - No diagrams st - 40 questions from the 1 part of the term (anything up to the midterm) - 70 questions – material covered after the midterm Tips for studying: - Focused on material covered in BOTH lectures and readings - Do review quizzes on AVENUE - Identify important concepts - Summarize important ideas/concepts - Don’t waste energy memorizing facts (no percentage values, more understanding concepts) Required Materials (since midterm ~ 70 questions) - Film – codes of gender - Class material and readings o Early humans (pp. 223-247) o Trends in globalization/development (pp. 270-282) o Sex and gender (pp. 40-52) o Gender in the archaeological record (pp. 47-81) o Cultural aspects of food (meanings, food taboos) (pp. 7-110 but NOT 102 – 107) o Subsistence (pp. 110 – 130) o Agriculture and animal domestication (pp. 130-150) Topics from midterm (~40 questions) Monday April 8. 2013 - What is anthropology (and its subfields) - The scientific method - Culture and death - Illness and disease - Bioarchaeology and forensic anthropology Characteristics of Hominids - Bipedalism (Earliest feature) - Manual dexterity - Large molar teeth - Brain expansion - Mosaic evolution o * all these characteristics happened at different times o Around 1 mya – sharp increase in the overall size of the brain - Major features associated with bipedalism o Explanations for the origins of bipedalism  The shape of the knee  The way the femur articulate with the hip  Shape/curvature of the spine  Hole in the base of the skull is more forward o Hypothesis of bipedalism (discuss) - Key Features of Australopithecines o Bipedal o Small brains o Big teeth o Mix of ancestral / primitive derived traits – ties into the idea of mosaic evolution: the combination of traits of the earliest characteristics of humans, some more developed than others o Lucy – enough of her skeleton to demonstrate that she was bipedal - Gracile vs. Robust forms (know the difference) o Gracile: a. africanus Robust: a boisei - Fossil names you should know / characteristics / rough dates: o Australopitehcus (Afransis, africanus) ~ gracile forms o Australopithecus (robustus, boisei) – robust forms o Homo habilis (Around 1 mya – first time we see evidence of tools) o Homo erectus (first species moving around different parts of the world and outside of Africa, fossils in Africa, Asia, and parts of Europe) o Homo sapiens o Homo sapiens neanderthalensis - Key Features of Genus Homo o 2.5 mya first evidence of tools o Increase in cranial capacity, much greater complexity o Expansion outside the origins of Africa to ot
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