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5th.docx

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Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANTHROP 1AA3
Professor
Karen Mc Garry

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Description
Last 25 years, we have experienced: • Environmental degradation • Antibiotic resistance and microbial adaptations – “emerging” or “new” diseases Eg. Tuberculosis, HIV/AIDS, SARS, etc. Ecological change brings humans into contact with pathogens Interaction of social and environmental changes creates conditions for emerging diseases • Dams – schistosomiasis • Reforestation – Lyme disease • Cultivation and forest clearing – hemorrhagic fever (eg. Ebola) • Irrigation – mosquito-borne diseases • Examples of emerging and re-emerging • 1983- HIV-1 • 1989 – Hep C • 1991 – Venezuelan hemorrhagic fever • 1991 – Cholera (S. America) • 1992 – Yellow fever (Kenya) • 1993 - Hantavirus • 1995 - Ebola • 2003 - SARS Ebola • First cases – 1976 • Fever and internal/external • Hemorrhaging • No treatment • 50-90% mortality Biological and Social Landscape of Ebola Hantavirus • “New” virus in US SW • In 1993 • Causes “hantavirus pulmonary Syndrome” • 50% mortality rate Dengue Fever • Known for 200 years • Tropical/subtropical • High fever; seizures; potentially deadly • ½ of world’s population at risk Key Points • Humans have always experienced di
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