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Midterm

October 16 MIDTERM.docx

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Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANTHROP 1AA3
Professor
Tracy Prowse

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October 16,2012 Anthropology Midterm Review & consequences of agriculture  50 questions  11:30 ­12:20 TSH 120  Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 (97­102; 107­131) just those pages know Film: Anthropologists at work: Careers making a difference  What is Anthropology? ­ 4 subfields characteristics of each  (example: archaeologist study material  remains of past societies) ­ What do anthropologists do? Biographies in text (Chapter 1) The Scientific Method ­ Why do we use it, what is it? ­ Inductive (down up) vs. deductive methods (top down) ­ Know the difference ­ Hypothesis vs. theory  Sex and Gender ­ Difference between sex and gender  ­ Gender roles (we aren’t born with gender roles in our brain) & gender identity  ­ Case studies: “Travestis’ of Brasil”­ culturally constructed attitudes toward  transgenderism  ­ Case study: Sambia of Papua New Guinea­ Gender roles; rituals and sexuality  (how were the gender roles taught, initiation, ritualized homosexuality).  ­ Gender in Archaeology – Catalhoyuk in Turkey Cultural Aspects of Food ­ Social Roles of food (not just a nutritional aspect, social relations, celebrations,  important moment in society) ­ How we classify food (Hot/Cold, Edible/Inedible)  ­ Universals in Human food use (identify) ­ Food restrictions and food taboos (difference between) Subsistence ­ Focus on identifying the main characteristics ­ How do we differentiate  ­ Horticultural, agricultural  ­ Gender roles of men and women vary according to subsistence strategy  ­ What is the difference between gender roles vs. gender equality in each group  ­ Factors influencing food production (geography, water, growing conditions) ­ Characteristics of foraging, horticulture, pastoralism  ­ Case studies­ Ju’ Hoansi  ­ Different populations looked at – Iran, Basseri, Zuni, Ju’Hoansi, Chapter 3 Origins of Agriculture  ­ Early evidence from the Near East where we start to see the development of  agric
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