North American Horticulturalists
Pioneers came started trade with the aboriginals. Because this seemed more
profitable at the time, many aboriginals abandoned their horticulture (hunting and
gathering) to take part of the fur trade. Various native captains were appointed, to
govern this fur trade, destroying the make up of the traditional tribe. Soon after war
among various tribes began as fur became scarce.
Relocations of Native Americans
Aboriginals were introduced to industrialized agriculture and began investing time
into that. Settlers saw this as introducing western civilization to the indigenous
people. However pioneers viewed native Americans as threats as they became
proficient at farming and selling. After the American Revolution natives were
stripped of their lands, to open frontier for white settlers. To do this native
Americans were drawn into debt. U.S developed the reservation system, and re
settled native Americans. However Natives were forcibely removed from their lands
(Trail of Tears).
Native North Americans in the 21 century
8-18 million Native Americans before pioneers, now around 400,000 left of that
amount. Now there is about 4 million. Today, firms want to develop reserves on
reservation land, of coal, gas and such. Others have offered tons of money to lease
reservations land to be used as things like land fills. Some favour these monetary
policies, to stop poverty while others don’t want their sacred land to be desecrated.
Because of their nomadic way of life, pastorilists cannot be easily incorporated. They
do not follow incultruation, they do not attend school, nor do they have strong
loyalties to their tribe. It’s hard to assimilate them as a whole.
Cheifdoms in Transition
Chiefdom societies were economically and politically centralized socieiteis exisint g
in different regions of the world. Some cheifdoms experience a fate similar to
indigenoious societies. These societies exhibited a different type of economy,
(Potlach, where chiefs gave away food for free, was banned by the Canadian
government wiping out the Nootka people)
Cheifdoms developed complex state organizations themselves follwinf western
contact. Tahiti and Hawaii illustrate these evolutions of chiefdom, after
globalization. Global Problems
The Idea that we can solve social problems even enormous ones, is based on two
assumptions: The first being that we have to assime that it is possible to discover
the causes of the problem. The second being that that we have to assume that we
may be able to do something about the casues once they are discovered and therby
eliminate the problem.
However some would say that our understanding of social problems cannot ever be
sufficient to suggest a solution, that is guaranteed.
Natural Disaster and Famine
Natural disiaster and famine are not beyond human control. Climatic and other
events become disasters because of events or conditions in the social environment.
Like people forced to live in slums will be more affected by a hurricane, as they have
no help, and will be easy targets to get killed, thus natural disaster depends on social
conditions, making them social problems.
Famines, episodes of extreme starvations and death, are caused by social
condiditons. Like people forced ti live in the desert to make a living. Famine does not
result in one bad food production season, as the land will take time to regenerate.
Inadequate Housing and Homelessness
All but upper income elite can be found in slums. Many are lving their illegally.
Deliberate policy to reduce the number of people hos