Second half globalization.docx

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Department
Anthropology
Course
ANTHROP 1AB3
Professor
Antonio Sorge
Semester
Winter

Description
North American Horticulturalists Pioneers came started trade with the aboriginals. Because this seemed more profitable at the time, many aboriginals abandoned their horticulture (hunting and gathering) to take part of the fur trade. Various native captains were appointed, to govern this fur trade, destroying the make up of the traditional tribe. Soon after war among various tribes began as fur became scarce. Relocations of Native Americans Aboriginals were introduced to industrialized agriculture and began investing time into that. Settlers saw this as introducing western civilization to the indigenous people. However pioneers viewed native Americans as threats as they became proficient at farming and selling. After the American Revolution natives were stripped of their lands, to open frontier for white settlers. To do this native Americans were drawn into debt. U.S developed the reservation system, and re settled native Americans. However Natives were forcibely removed from their lands (Trail of Tears). Native North Americans in the 21 century 8-18 million Native Americans before pioneers, now around 400,000 left of that amount. Now there is about 4 million. Today, firms want to develop reserves on reservation land, of coal, gas and such. Others have offered tons of money to lease reservations land to be used as things like land fills. Some favour these monetary policies, to stop poverty while others don’t want their sacred land to be desecrated. Pastoralist Tribes Because of their nomadic way of life, pastorilists cannot be easily incorporated. They do not follow incultruation, they do not attend school, nor do they have strong loyalties to their tribe. It’s hard to assimilate them as a whole. Cheifdoms in Transition Chiefdom societies were economically and politically centralized socieiteis exisint g in different regions of the world. Some cheifdoms experience a fate similar to indigenoious societies. These societies exhibited a different type of economy, (Potlach, where chiefs gave away food for free, was banned by the Canadian government wiping out the Nootka people) Cheifdoms developed complex state organizations themselves follwinf western contact. Tahiti and Hawaii illustrate these evolutions of chiefdom, after globalization. Global Problems The Idea that we can solve social problems even enormous ones, is based on two assumptions: The first being that we have to assime that it is possible to discover the causes of the problem. The second being that that we have to assume that we may be able to do something about the casues once they are discovered and therby eliminate the problem. However some would say that our understanding of social problems cannot ever be sufficient to suggest a solution, that is guaranteed. Natural Disaster and Famine Natural disiaster and famine are not beyond human control. Climatic and other events become disasters because of events or conditions in the social environment. Like people forced to live in slums will be more affected by a hurricane, as they have no help, and will be easy targets to get killed, thus natural disaster depends on social conditions, making them social problems. Famines, episodes of extreme starvations and death, are caused by social condiditons. Like people forced ti live in the desert to make a living. Famine does not result in one bad food production season, as the land will take time to regenerate. Inadequate Housing and Homelessness All but upper income elite can be found in slums. Many are lving their illegally. Deliberate policy to reduce the number of people hos
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