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Wayne Warry

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1McMaster University Professor N.H. Galleguillos Department of Political Science Winter 2014 POL SCI 3Y03 – Human Rights and Democratization NB: This preparatory exam must be addressed by incorporating on your answers all required readings as well as class presentations and tutorial discussions. Some of the following notions and essay questions will appear as stated on the final exam. Notions. Identify, explain the meaning, and discuss the significance of the following notions. 1. Truth and Reconciliation Commissions 2. Organic view of society 3. Minimalist Democracy 4 Cyrus Cylinder 5. First Generation Rights 6. Enlightenment 7. Negative Rights 8. Humanitarian intervention 9. Reformation Movement 10. Positive Rights 11. National Security Doctrines 12. Pluralist Theories of Democracy 13. Clash of Civilizations 14. Genocide 15. Contractual theories 16. Liberal Democracy 17. Welfare State 18. Equality 19. Empathy 20. Enhanced interrogation techniques 21. Instrumental Democracy 22. Substantive Democracy 23. Magna Carta 24. Total War 25. “Newspeak” Essay questions 1. What are the arguments made by those who justify and rationalize the use of torture and why should these views be opposed? In your own words, discuss whether the use of torture can be legitimate under some circumstances or 2 whether it should always be illegal and illegitimate. Elaborate fully, citing relevant examples. 2. It was argued in class that democratic transitions taking place in developing countries are based on a misunderstood view of the democratic method espoused by inter alia Joseph Schumpeter and pluralist Theories of Democracy. What does this democratic method is supposed to mean? And, in which ways does the incomplete understanding of the democratic method affect the quality, success, and consolidation of democracy in newly emerging democracies? Elaborate fully, citing relevant examples. 3. Without the invention, development, and consolidation of the notion of the Individual, it would not have been possible for rights to become Human Rights. How did the idea of the individual evolve from a historically particularistic development to become a universal and abstract notion associated with inalienable rights? What kind of historical dialectical processes contributed to consolidate the notion of the abstract individual? Can human rights exist in societies where individualism is not yet fully consolidated? Are extreme forms of individualism inimical to social, economic, and cultural rights? Elaborate fully, citing relevant examples. 4. What are, according to the Michael Goodhart’s textbook, the main approaches to so-called “transitional justice” in post-conflict societies? Elaborate fully, citing relevant examples. 5. It was argued in class that a profound tension exists between capitalism, on the one hand, and democracy and human rights, on the other hand. What causes this tension to arise? How did capitalism and democracy become reconciled historically in long-established democracies, and in which ways is such reconciliation threatened by neo-liberal economics nowadays? Elaborate fully, citing releva
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