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[ANTHROP 1AA3] - Final Exam Guide - Ultimate 114 pages long Study Guide!


Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANTHROP 1AA3
Professor
Tristan Carter
Study Guide
Final

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McMaster
ANTHROP 1AA3
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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Wednesday September 21st 2016
Anthropology Sex, Food and Death WEEK 3 Lecture 1&2
Aims of Lecture 3.1
1. Sex and Gender
2. Definitions
3. Evolutionary perspectives
4. Cultural constructs
3.2
Gender/gender roles
3.3
1. Critical thinking assessments
2. Aims and topics
3. Requirements
4. Due dates and facilities
Defining Gender
“gender refers to the roles that people perform in their households and communities and
the values that people have regarding men & women” (SFD: 19).
Merriam Webster- “the behavioral, cultural, or psychological traits typically associated
with one sex” – so issues of cultural tradition
Google- “the state of being male or female (typically used with reference to social and
cultural differences rather than biological ones).”
Wikipedia- “Gender is the range of characteristics pertaining to, and differentiating
between, masculinity and femininity.”
KEY POINT: Sex and Gender are different!
Defining: Sex
Refers to biological differences
Chromosomal contains our DNA
Hormonal product of living cells
Physical distinct procreation
‘We’ (traditionally) perceive there to be TWO sexes: male / female
Defining: Gender
Culturally constructed form of identity
The roles people are expected to play because of their sex
Dress, speech, activities…
‘We’ (traditionally) perceive there to be TWO sexes: male / female
Sex and Gender (according to the textbook)
SEX “a biological category
Born with your sex
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Wednesday September 21st 2016
GENDER a ‘cultural category’
Your culture defines gender
NATURE.V. CULTURE
-In our society we perceive there to be two Sexes: Male and Female
KEY TERMS: BINARY
“relating to, composed of, or involving two things”
MALE: FEMALE
BLACK :: WHITE
GOOD :: BAD
familiar BUT simplified/flawed dualities
KEY TERMS: SPECTRUM/ SPECTRA
“used to classify something, or suggest that it can be classified,
in terms of its position on a scale between two extreme or opposite points”
Ask yourself: Are things as simple as BLACK:: WHITE?
Are things as simple as MALE:: FEMALE
SEX as a binary (natural) entity? The case of Herculine Barbin, a C19th hermaphrodite
From ‘true sex’ to the ‘reality of the body’ (Michel Foucault)
Raised as a girl (Alexina), studied in a convent, had ‘crush on a girl’
Puberty: did not menstruate, flat- chested, facial hair growth
Taught in girls’ school, had an affair with female teacher
Herculine Barbin (‘male pseudohermaphroditism’)
Illness: long-term, then major pains
‘Confesses’ to Bishop, calls for doctor and physical examination
Small vagina BUT ‘bodily masculine’: v. small penis & testes inside her
Medico-judicial (legal) declaration that ‘she’ was MALE; left lover/job
Notions of punishment: suicide aged 30
KEY TERM: Intersex (past ‘hermaphrodites’)
Intersex human: anyone possessing variation in ‘sex characteristics’.
Chromosomes, sex hormones, reproductive glands, or genitals
Do not fit typical binary notions of male or femaleUN Office of Human Rights
Intersex & sexual reassignment
Intersex (defined 2006) medical description as “disorders of sex development”
[negative/WHO].
At birth some infants esp. those w/ ‘ambiguous outer genitalia’ are surgically or
hormonally altered
‘more socially acceptable sex characteristics’ – no firm evidence of good outcomes
Intersex pride flag
Case study: Christiane Völling
Born 1959 with XX chromosomes
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