ANTHROP 1AB3 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Linguistic Anthropology, Cultural Anthropology, Trobriand Islands

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Published on 13 Apr 2013
School
McMaster University
Department
Anthropology
Course
ANTHROP 1AB3
Professor
anthropology
the study of humanity, including prehistoric origins of humans and contemporary biological, cultural 1
and linguistic variation 2
cultural anthropology
the use of anthropological knowledge to prevent or solve problems and to shape or achieve policy
goals. 3
archaeology
the study of past human cultures through their material remains 4
artifact
portable object made or modified by humans 5
cultural anthropology
the study of living people and their cultures, including variation and change 6
culture shock
deep feelings of uneasiness, loneliness, and anxiety that may occur when a person shifts from one
culture to another 7
deductive approach(to research)
a research method that involves posing a research question to hypothesis gathering the empirical
data related to the question, and then assessing the findings in relation to the original hypothesis 8
deductive method
a method of investigation in which a scientist begins in a general theory, develops specific
hypotheses, and tests them 9
emic
what insiders do and perceive about their culture,their perceptions of reality and their explanations
for why they do they they do. 10
ethnoarchaeology
the study of material artifacts of the past along with the observation of modern peoples who have
knowledge of the use and symbolic meaning of those artifacts 11
ethnocentrism
judging another culture by the standardss of one's own culture rather than by the standards of the
other culture, usually resulting in a negative view of the other culture 12
ethnography
a book length description of a culture or cultures based on extended fieldwork among living people 13
ethnologist
the anthropologists who focuses on the cross cultural aspects of ethnographic studies 14
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ethnology
the sub field of anthropology that focuses on the cross-cultural aspects of ethnographic studies 15
ethnomusicology
the cross-cultural study of music 16
ethnopoetics
the study of the poetry traditions and practices in different societies 17
etic
an analytical framework used by outside analysis in studying culture 18
fossils
the preserved remains of a plant or animal of the past, usually a bone, a tooth, or an impression
such as a footprint or leaf impression 19
Hawthrone effect
research bias due to participants changing their behaviour to conform to the expectations of the
researcher 20
historical linguistics
the study of language change using formal methods that compare shits over time and across space
in aspects of language such as phonetics, syntax, and semantics 21
holistic
refers to an approach that studies many aspects of a multifaceted system 22
hypothesis
a 'good guess' about something worth explaining; data are gathered to support or falsify the idea. It
also has the lowest level of confidence given to findings 23
inductive approach (to research)
a research approach that avoids hypothesis formation in advance of the research and instead takes
its lead from the culture being studied 24
inductive method
a method of investigation in which a scientist first makes observations and collects data and then
formulates a hypothesis 25
informed consent
a feature of research ethics requiring that the researcher clearly informs participants of the intent,
scope, and possible effects of the study and then seek their agreement to participate 26
interview
the gathering of verbal information from living people through questions 27
kula
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a trading network linking many of the Trobriand Islands in which men have long-standing
partnerships for the exchange of every day goods, such as food as well as highly valued necklaces
and armlets 28
linguistic anthropology
the study of human communication, including its origins, history, and contemporary variation and
change 29
linguistics
the study of language 30
middens
ancient dumps or trash heaps 31
multisited research
fieldwork conducted in more than one location in order to understand the behaviors and ideas of
dispersed members of a culture or the relationships among different levels, such as state policy and
local culture 32
paleoanthropology
the study of human evolution trough the analysis of fossil remains 33
participant observation
a method of studying contemporary humans in which the researcher lives with and studies the
people for an extended period of time 34
primates
the order of mammals that includes prosimians and anthropoids(monkeys, apes, humans) 35
primatology
the study of primates 36
qualitative research
research that emphasizes generating descriptive information. often through interviews and
participant observation 37
quantitative research
research that emphasizes gathering and analyzing numeric information and using tables and charts
when presenting results. often uses surveys or questionnaires 38
questionnaire
a formal research instrument containing a pre-set series of questions that the anthropologist asks in
a face-to-face setting, by mail, or by email 39
rapport
a trusting relationship between the anthropologist and the study of population 40
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