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ANTHROP 3HI3 Quiz: Health and Illness Test

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Priscilla Medeiros
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Health and Illness Test #2
Howard Harris: suffers from chronic back pain
-Has seen numerous doctors, and been on various pain medications
-Because there has been no explanation for his pain, or effective treatment he has
gone into withdrawal, and feels isolated.
-Frustrates his doctors because he self-loathing.
-Affects his marriage, work, and family life.
-Underlying effect of psychosocial crisis
Pain: generally thought of as an outward manifestation, which fails to consider the
social and cultural influences of pain.
Chronic Pain: leads to frustration and distrust of practitioners who are unable to
explain and or treat the illness.
-linked to social and psychological problems
Pain behavior: may mask these problems ^
Can be distinguished into
Private Pain: to know if a person is in pain we are dependent on them signaling to us
^ private pain is invisible which leads to senses of isolation due to issues of
justification (pain authenticity)
-In Howards case his children do not believe him because he cannot justify the pain
he is feeling
Public Pain: depends on persons interpretation of significance of pain. These
attitudes towards pain are acquired early in life, and can change over time.
Pain Authenticity: legitimized by how the patient signals to others. This is culturally
determined as signals differ cross-culturally, and can be interpreted through social
and cultural contexts.
Somatization: experience of reoccurring symptoms with no organic cause, Linked to
somatic symptoms of depression or anxiety. Symptoms are influenced by social
conditions, interpersonal problems and individual psychological experiences.
Culture and Pain:
Culturally appropriate ways of reacting to and expressing ones feelings.
Intercultural variations effects understanding of pain.
Practitioner likely to be judgmental if they don’t have knowledge of cultural
Expression of pain is not normative, and is culture specific in how patients
perceive, experience, and express their pain.
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